Anyang Citizens' Awareness of the Effects of City Parks on City Dwellers

  • Marshall, Tony (Department of Urban Information Engineering, The Graduate School, Anyang University) ;
  • Jang, June-Ho (Faculty of Urban Information Engineering, Urban Planning, Anyang University) ;
  • Eom, Boong-Hoon (Faculty of Landscape Architecture, Landscape Architecture, Daegu Catholic University)
  • Received : 2019.10.30
  • Accepted : 2019.12.05
  • Published : 2019.12.31


This study aimed to investigate educational, social, and environmental effects of city parks on the citizens of Anyang, South Korea. The study conducted a questionnaire survey for 30 days on a sample of 1,080 Anyang residents. Parks can be used for different purposes that have benefits like improving the appeal of the local environment as well as promoting health. The respondents highlighted preferred activities including participating in events, learning eco-practices at school, volunteering, and collaborating with the government to enforce environmental quality laws. The identified effects of parks on citizens according to this study were the benefits obtained from parks in the city, the improvement of their quality of life, and enhancing the environmental quality and sustainability. The study also undertook a correlational analysis to establish the relationship between the citizens' experience in the park and the level of satisfaction they demonstrated in the study for continuity purposes. The data collected was divided into 2 data forms entailed in a comparative analysis chart for the city's 12 parks at different times of the day, and a clustered analysis using 4 data clusters grouped based on the profiles of survey responders. The study concluded that the educational, social, and environmental effects of the parks are significant, suggesting an array of programs that can be used to enhance urban redevelopment and showed the role of parks in environmental awareness for cities in the future.


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