Experimental study on seismic behavior of frame structures composed of concrete encased columns with L-shaped steel section and steel beams

  • Zeng, Lei (School of Urban Construction, Yangtze University) ;
  • Ren, Wenting (School of Urban Construction, Yangtze University) ;
  • Zou, Zhengtao (School of Urban Construction, Yangtze University) ;
  • Chen, Yiguang (School of Urban Construction, Yangtze University) ;
  • Xie, Wei (School of Urban Construction, Yangtze University) ;
  • Li, Xianjie (School of Urban Construction, Yangtze University)
  • Received : 2017.11.09
  • Accepted : 2018.12.17
  • Published : 2019.01.25


The frame structures investigated in this paper is composed of Concrete encased columns with L-shaped steel section and steel beams. The seismic behavior of this structural system is studied through experimental and numerical studies. A 2-bay, 3-story and 1/3 scaled frame specimen is tested under constant axial loading and cyclic lateral loading applied on the column top. The load-displacement hysteretic loops, ductility, energy dissipation, stiffness and strength degradation are investigated. A typical failure mode is observed in the test, and the experimental results show that this type of framed structure exhibit a high strength with good ductility and energy dissipation capacity. Furthermore, finite element analysis software Perform-3D was conducted to simulate the behavior of the frame. The calculating results agreed with the test ones well. Further analysis is conducted to investigate the effects of parameters including concrete strength, column axial compressive force and steel ratio on the seismic performance indexes, such as the elastic stiffness, the maximum strength, the ductility coefficient, the strength and stiffness degradation, and the equivalent viscous damping ratio. It can be concluded that with the axial compression ratio increasing, the load carrying capacity and ductility decreased. The load carrying capacity and ductility increased when increasing the steel ratio. Increasing the concrete grade can improve the ultimate bearing capacity of the structure, but the ductility of structure decreases slightly.


Supported by : Natural Science Foundation of Hubei Province of China, Natural Science Foundation of China, Science Foundation of the Education Department of Hubei Province of China


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