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Referring to The Stupa of Master ChengGuang, Reconsideration of the History of Buddhist Monks' Octagonal Tempietto Shaped Stupa

승광선사탑(乘廣禪師塔)를 통한 팔각정형(八角亭形) 승탑사(僧塔史)의 재고(再考)

Hawong, Moon Ho
황문호

  • Received : 2018.12.06
  • Accepted : 2019.02.07
  • Published : 2019.02.28

Abstract

"Stupa of Buddhist Monk, YeomGeo"(844) is known as the earliest Seon-stupa relic remains in Korean peninsula, from which, during late Silla and ealy Goryeo period, there were more than 30 of stupa was built on such canon. and became the well-known material culture in Seon Buddhism in late Silla period. In $9^{th}$ century, with the JeonDeong(delivering the light of Seon)from Tang to Silla, the culture of "GeonTapIpBi(building the pagoda and erecting stele)" was also moved in. And it was right after the style of monk's stupa had been methodically changed in china, from having the room in stupa for the corpse, named as "QuanShenSheLi", to the lessened stupa that contain the cremated. Analyzing the "Master ChengGuang's stupa"(807)and its stele, it can be found the correspondences of octagonal plan and the subjects of ornamentation to that of Stupas built in Silla, reveals they were made by the same canon. By the document in the stele, surmising the historical cause of alteration in Chan stupa, there was the most famous zen master ShenHui at the time, who has the most important role of making the NanZongChan to get the authenticity in Chan Buddhism. His reliqury was the first ${\acute{s}}ar{\bar{i}}ra$ casket discovered among Chan monks' relics, consequentially it was to influence to Chan cuture and size the monks 'stupa for his ${\acute{s}}ar{\bar{i}}ra$. The stupa of master ChengGuang, by its shape and geological location, is the lost piece in the Puzzle of Chan stupa culture between Silla and Tang.

Keywords

Octagonal Tempietto shaped Stupa;Stupa of Master ChengGuang;Stupa of Seon Monk;Stupa of Buddhist Monk YeomGeo