The Relationship between Personality Type, Self-Efficacy, Resilience and Workplace Bullying Experience in General Hospital Nurses

일 종합병원 간호사의 성격유형, 자기효능감, 회복 탄력성, 직장 내 괴롭힘 피해 경험의 관계

  • Cho, Ae young (Department of Nursing Science, Graduate School of Sungshin University)
  • 조애영 (성신여자대학교 일반대학원 간호학과)
  • Received : 2019.04.05
  • Accepted : 2019.06.21
  • Published : 2019.06.30


The purpose of this study is to identify degree of the personality type, resilience, self-efficacy, and workplace bullying Experience among nurses at General Hospital, to ascertain the correlation between them and to ascertain factors that may affect workplace bullying. This study collected data from October 22, 2018 to October 26, 2018 through structured questionnaires from 260 nurses working at General Hospital in Seoul City, and the collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regression analysis using SPSS / WIN 21.0. Analysis of differences in general characteristics showed that workplace bullying was significantly different according to witness of bullying, workplace satisfaction. Resilience was significantly different according to marital status, religion, final education, and workplace satisfaction. And self-efficacy was found to be different according to respondents' marital status, religion. The relationship between DISC personality type, workplace bullying, resilience and self-efficacy showed that workplace bullying had a negative correlation with resilience, and resilience showed a positive correlation with self-efficacy. As a result of the multiple regression analysis in order to identify the factors that, workplace satisfaction, witness of workplace bullying and the resilience was the factor affecting workplace bullying; workplace bullying was decreased as the resilience was higher.


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