Fixed bed column modeling of lead(II) and cadmium(II) ions biosorption on sugarcane bagasse

  • Vera, Luisa Mayra (Chemical Department, University Cuenca) ;
  • Bermejo, Daniel (Chemical Department, University Cuenca) ;
  • Uguna, Maria Fernanda (Chemical Department, University Cuenca) ;
  • Garcia, Nancy (Chemical Department, University Cuenca) ;
  • Flores, Marittza (Chemical Department, University Cuenca) ;
  • Gonzalez, Enrique (Chemical Engineering Department, University of La Laguna)
  • Received : 2018.01.23
  • Accepted : 2018.05.12
  • Published : 2019.03.31


In this paper the results of the biosorption of lead(II) and cadmium(II) with sugarcane bagasse in fixed bed columns are presented. Experimental data were fitted to several models describing the rupture curve for single-component and two-component systems. The percentages of removal of lead and cadmium in single-component systems are 91% and 90%, respectively. In lead-cadmium bicomponent systems the percentage of elimination of lead was 90% and cadmium 92%. In single-component systems, Yoon-Nelson and Thomas models successfully reproduce the rupture curves. In two-component system, the Dose-Response model was the best one reproducing the experimental rupture curves in the entire measured range.


Biosorption in columns;Heavy metals;Rupture curve;Sorption modeling;Sugarcane bagasse


  1. Garg U, Kaur MP, Jawa GK, Sud D, Garg VK. Removal of cadmium(II) from aqueous solutions by adsorption on agricultural waste biomass. J. Hazard. Mater. 2008;154:1149-1157.
  2. Burakov AE, Galunin EV, Burakova IV, et al. Adsorption of heavy metals on conventional and nanostructured materials for wastewater treatment purposes: A review. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 2018;148:702-712.
  3. Purkayastha D, Mishra U, Biswas S. A comprehensive review on Cd(II) removal from aqueous solution. J. Water Process Eng. 2014;2:105-128.
  4. Wang J, Chen C. Biosorbents for heavy metals removal and their future. Biotechnol. Adv. 2009;27:195-226.
  5. Singh N, Gupta SK. Adsorption of heavy metals: A review. Int. J. Innov. Res. Sci. Eng. Technol. 2016;5:2267-2281.
  6. Dos Santos VC, Tarley CR, Caetano J, Dragunski DC. Assessment of chemically modified sugarcane bagasse for lead adsorption from aqueous medium. Water Sci. Technol. 2010;62:457-465.
  7. Ozer A, Gurbuz G, Alimli Ac, Korbahti BKJ. Investigation of nickel(II) biosorption on Enteromorpha prolifera: Optimization using response surface analysis. J. Hazard. Mater. 2008;152:778-788.
  8. Lovley DR, Lloyd JR. Microbes with a mettle for bioremediation. Nat. Biotechnol. 2000;18:600-601.
  9. Vijayaraghavan K, Teo TT, Balasubramanian R, Joshi UM. Application of Sargassum biomass to remove heavy metal ions from synthetic multi-metal solutions and urban storm water runoff. J. Hazard. Mater. 2009;164:1019-1023.
  10. Vijayaraghavan K, Balasubramanian R. A comparative evaluation of sorbents for the treatment of complex metal-bearing laboratory wastewaters. J. Environ. Chem. Eng. 2013;1:473-479.
  11. Ali I, Gupta VK. Advances in water treatment by adsorption technology. Nat. London 2066;1:2661-2667.
  12. Wong JPK, Wong YS, Tam NFY. Nickel biosorption by two chlorella species, C. vulgaris (a commercial species) and C. miniata (a local isolate). Bioresour. Technol. 2000;73:133-137.
  13. Ali I. The quest for active carbon adsorbent substitutes: Inexpensive adsorbents for toxic metal ions removal from wastewater. Sep. Purif. Rev. 2010;29:95-171.
  14. Ali I. New generation adsorbents for water treatment. Chem. Rev. 2012;112:5073-5091.
  15. Ali I, Asim M, Khan TA. Low cost adsorbents for the removal of organic pollutants from wastewater. J. Environ. Manage. 113;2012:170-183.
  16. Khoramzadeh E, Nasernejad B, Halladj R. Mercury biosorption from aqueous solutions by sugarcane bagasse. J. Taiwan Inst. Chem. Eng. 2013;44:266-269.
  17. Aloma I, Martin-Lara MA, Rodriguez IL, Blazquez G, Calero C. Removal of nickel(II) ions from aqueous solutions by biosorption of sugarcane bagasse. J. Taiwan Inst. Chem. Eng. 2013;43:275-281.
  18. Liu C, Ngo HH, Guo W, Tung KL. Optimal conditions for preparation of banana peels, sugarcane bagasse and watermelon rind in removing copper from water. Bioresour. Technol. 2012;119:349-354.
  19. Rodriguez Rico IL, Karna NK, Vicente IA, Carrazana RC, Ronda A. Modeling of two up-flow fixed-bed columns in series for the biosorption of $Cr^{6+}$ and $Ni^{2+}$ by sugarcane bagasse. Desalin. Water Treat. 2015;56:792-805.
  20. Demarchi CA, Debrassi A, Dal Magro J, et al. Adsorption of Cr(VI) on crosslinked chitosan-Fe(III) complex in fixed-bed systems. J. Water Process Eng. 2015;7:141-152.
  21. Ali I. Water treatment by adsorption columns: Evaluation at ground level. Sep. Purif. Rev. 2014;43:175-205.
  22. Hodaifa G, Driss SB, Ochando-Pulido JM, Victor-Ortega MD. Iron removal from liquid effluents by olive stones on adsorption column: Breakthrough curves. Ecol. Eng. 2014;73:270-275.
  23. Chu KH. Prediction of two-metal biosorption equilibria using a neural network. Eur. J. Miner. Process. Environ. Prot. 2003;3:119-127.
  24. Valdman E, Erijman L, Pessoa FLP, Leite SGF. Continuous biosorption of Cu and Zn by immobilized waste biomass Sargassum sp. Process Biochem. 2001;36:869-873.
  25. Yoon YH, Nelson JH. Application of gas adsorption kinetics. I. A theoretical model for respirator cartridge service life. Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J. 1984;45:509-516.
  26. Thomas HC. Heterogeneous ion exchange in a flowing system. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1944;66:1466-1664.
  27. Yan GYVT, Viraraghavan T. A new model for heavy metal removal in a biosorption column. Adsorpt. Sci. Technol. 2001;19:25-43.
  28. Senthilkumar RVK, Vijayaraghavan K, Thilakavathi M, Iyer P. Seaweeds for the remediation of wastewaters contaminated with zinc(II) ions. J. Hazard. Mater. 2006;136:791-799.
  29. Chao HP, Chang CC, Nieva A. Biosorption of heavy metals on Citrus maxima peel, passion fruit shell, and sugarcane bagasse in a fixed-bed column. J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 2014;20:3408-3414.
  30. Calero de Hoces M, Blazquez Garcia G, Galvez A, Martin-Lara MA. Effect of the acid treatment of olive stone on the biosorption of lead in a packed-bed column. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2010;49:12587-12595.
  31. Singh A, Kumar D, Gaur JP. Continuous metal removal from solution and industrial effluents using Spirogyra biomass-packed column reactor. Water Res. 2012;46:779-788.