DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Strength of Character for the Fusion Age "Grit": Research Trend Analysis: Focusing on Domestic, Master's and Doctoral Dissertations

  • Received : 2019.02.20
  • Accepted : 2019.03.06
  • Published : 2019.03.31

Abstract

Grit, a concept conceived in 2007 by Duckworth and others in the United States, is based on positive psychology that focuses on growth and development through individual strengths. Recently, "Grit", which means patience and enthusiasm for long-term goals, has emerged as a key factor of personality strength. In Korea, Joo-hwan Kim (2013) was the first to conceptualize and study the subject of Grit. However, there have been no overview studies that systematically summarize the overall trends and flow in the research of Grit so far. There have been 147 research papers on Grit published so far in Korea. The purpose of this study was to conduct trend analysis on the subject of Grit by analyzing forty-three (43) master's and doctoral dissertations, thus presenting the direction of future research on Grit through careful analysis. In the studies conducted, it was found that Grit is a very significant variable linked to self-efficacy. It is also a subjective belief that can help an individual achieve his/her educational goals, and go through failure resynchronization. In addition, Grit is very significant as a practical core indicator of how fusion talent is fostered for the fourth industrial revolution. Therefore, there is a need for more in-depth research from the viewpoints of workplace learning, experiential learning, or informal learning, as well as research into Grit characteristics.

Keywords

Grit;Fusion age;Academic achievement;Career preparation behavior;Self-efficacy;Resilience

Table 1. By publication year and by publication type (Including journals)

OTNBCL_2019_v8n1_166_t0001.png 이미지

Table 2. Number of papers published by research field and year

OTNBCL_2019_v8n1_166_t0002.png 이미지

Table 3. Number of papers published by research subjects

OTNBCL_2019_v8n1_166_t0003.png 이미지

Table 4. Number of papers published by research content

OTNBCL_2019_v8n1_166_t0004.png 이미지

Table 5. Grit and career related variables

OTNBCL_2019_v8n1_166_t0005.png 이미지

Table 6. Grit and variables related to academic achievement

OTNBCL_2019_v8n1_166_t0006.png 이미지

Table 7. Grit and variables related to self-regulated efficacy, resilience, organizational commitment

OTNBCL_2019_v8n1_166_t0007.png 이미지

References

  1. Duckworth A. L. Peterson, C. Matthews, M.D,. & Kelly, D.R., "Grit: Perseverance and passion for long-term Goals." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92 (6), p. 1087, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.92.6.1087
  2. Peterson, C., & Seligman, M. E., Character strengths and Virtue. A handbook and classification. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2004.
  3. Shechtman, N., DeBarger, A. H., Dornsife, C., Rosier, S., & Yarnall, L.," Promoting grit, tenacity, and perseverance: Critical factors for success in the 21st century." Washington, DC: US Department of Eucation, 2013.
  4. Sun-young Lee, "Educational Psychology in the Age of the 4th Industrial Revolution." The Korea Educational Review, 217.3. Vol. No. 1, pp. 231-260.
  5. Young-ran Yu & Ji-won Yu & Hyun-kyung Park, "The Significance of Grit". Journal of The Korean Society for Educational Technology Conference Catalog, Vol. 2015 No. 1, pp. 116-116, 2015.
  6. Ju-han Kim, Grit: A study that proves potential as a skill, as a result of a grade, as a result. Paju: Sam & Parkers, 2013.
  7. Thaler, L. K., & Koval, R., Grit to great. New York: Crown Business, 2015.
  8. Duckworth, A. L., & Gross, J. J., "Self-control and grit: Related but separable determinants of success." Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23(5), pp. 319-325, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1177/0963721414541462
  9. Young-suk Roh, The Effects of High School Students' Grit and Career Decision-making Self-efficacy on Their Career Preparation Behavior, MA. Thesis. The Graduate School of School of Education Yonsei University, 2016.
  10. Eun-hee Hwang, Influence of Social Support on Career Preparation Behaviors and the Mediating Effects of GRIT in College Students, MA. Thesis. The Graduate School of Education Chung-Ang University, 2017.
  11. Soo-jung Kim, Mediation Effect of Grit between Parental Attachment and Career Decision-making Self-efficacy of High School Students, MA. Thesis. The Graduate School of Education, Kookmin University, Seoul, Korea,2017.
  12. Jeong-won Yoon, The Influence of University Students' Grit upon Career Preparation Behavior and Mediating Effect of Achievement Goal orientation, MA. Thesis. The Graduate School of Chung-Ang University, 2017
  13. Su-ran Lee, Effects of grit, deliberate practice and contingencies of self-worth on academic achievement, MA. Thesis. The Graduate School of Yonsei University, 2015.
  14. Na-ri Jang, Effect of Grit on relationship between Temperamental Effortful Control and Academic Failure Tolerance, MA. Thesis. The Graduate School Seoul National University, 2018.
  15. Jung-lim Lee, An Analysis of Structural Relationship among Locus of Control, Mindset, Grit, and Academic Achievement, Ph. D. Thesis. The Graduate School of Andong National University, 2016.
  16. Sang-chun Han, The Mediating Effect of Academic Self-Efficay on the Relationship between Grit and Academic Achievement of the University Students, MA. Thesis. The Graduate School of Education Chonbuk National University, 2017.
  17. Soo-jeong Lee, The Effect of Students' Grit on Academic Self-efficacy and Class Engagement for Physical Education Classes, MA. Thesis. The Graduate School of Education Dankook University, 2018.
  18. Jun-soo Park, Achievement according to Mindset, Grit and Self-Control Department of Education, MA.Thesis. The Graduate School Seoul National University,2017.
  19. Hye-yeon Park, Differences in Self-determined Motivation and Grit based on group clustering by Parent Child Communication and Academic achievement Pressure by parents, MA. Thesis. The Graduate School of Education, Gyeongin National University of Education, 2018.
  20. Jin-hee Yoon, The Relationship Between Korean University Students' GRIT, Demotivation, Remotivation in Learning English and English Learning Achievement, MA. Thesis. The Graduate School of Education Chung-Ang University, 2018.
  21. Seo-jeong Lee, The Effects of Mindsets on Academic Self-Efficacy of High School Students Mediated by Grit: Multi-Group Analysis According to Whether the Students Gave Up on Mathematics or Not Department of Education, MA. Thesis. The Graduate School of Ewha Womans University, 2018.
  22. Hea-won Yang, The Effects of Middle School Student's Dissatisfied Basic Psychological Needs and Daily Stress on Academic Burnout : The Moderated Mediating Effect of the Grit, MA. Thesis. The Graduate of Kyeungnam University, 2017.
  23. Jeong-uk Han, The Effects of Middle School Students' Perception of Parental Support and Academi Achievement Pressure on their Grit, MA. Thesis. The Graduate School Gyeongnam University of Science and Technology, 2017.
  24. Sun-young Lee, "Educational Psychology in the Age of the 4th Industrial Revolution." The Korea Educational Review, 217.3. Vol. No. 1, pp. 231-260.101, 2017.
  25. Yoo-min Kim, The relationship between Perceived Parenting Styles and Psychological Well-Being mediated by Grit and Satisfaction of Psychological Basic Needs in Early Adulthood, MA. Thesis. The Graduate School of Ewha Womans University, 2018.
  26. Junge-un Kim, An Examination on the Discrimination Between Grit and Passion and on the Relationship Between Grit, Passion and Subjective Well-Being: Assessing Cross-Cultural differences through use of multiple-group analysis. MA. Thesis. The Graduate School of Ewha Womans University, 2017.
  27. Ji-young Lee, The role of Self-Regulatory Efficacy and Flow in the relationship between Grit of Undergraduate students and The Difficult Anagram Task Performance, MA. Thesis. The Graduate School of Ewha Womans University, 2017.
  28. Soo-kyung Lee, A study on relationship between Growth Mindset, Fixed Mindset and Grit of young adults: The Mediating Effects of Resilience, MA. Thesis. The Graduate School of Ewha Womans University, 2016.
  29. Jung-lim Lee, An Analysis of Structural Relationship among Locus of Control, Mindset, Grit, and Academic Achievement, Ph. D. Thesis. The Graduate School of Andong National University, 2016.
  30. In-hye Baek, The Relationship between Novice Counselor's GRIT and Burnout: The Mediation Effects of Mindfulness, MA. Thesis. The Graduate School of Catholic University, 2018.
  31. Seul-bee Lee, Grit as a Buffer against Negative Feedback: The Effect of Grit on Emotional Responses to Negative Feedback, MA. Thesis. The Graduate School of Yonsei University, 2017.
  32. Jae-jun Ryu, Moderating Effects of Life Goal in the Relationship among Grit, Self-Determination, Growth Mindset, MA. Thesis. Graduate School of Seoul National University of Education, 2018.
  33. Soo-jin Cho, An Effect of Parents' Social Support on Middle School Students' Happiness: The Moderating Effect of Grit, MA. Thesis. The Graduate School of Education Yonsei University, 2017.
  34. Yang-suk Han, The Relationship Study on Grit, the Individual factors of Grit, the big-five personality factors of the Gifted Student in Elementary School, MA. Thesis. The Graduate School of Incheon National University, 2015
  35. Jae-yeol Lee, A study on the Analysis Differences of College Students' College Life satisfaction, Grit and Mindset According to the College Admission, Types, MA. Thesis. The Graduate School of Education Kyonggi University, 2017.
  36. Myung-hee Won, The Influence of Grit on the Organizational Commitment and The Meditating Role of Selfdirected Learning Competency of The members from Public Institutions. MA. Thesis. The Graduate School of Chung-Ang University, 2017.
  37. Tsung Hsin, Tsang, The Effect of Spiritual Leadership on Job Crafting: the Mediating Effect of Psychological Empowerment and Moderating Effect of Procedural Justice and Grit in the Workplace, MA. Thesis. The Graduate School of Korea University, 2017.
  38. Jin-young Joo, The Effect of the Grit of public bicycle users as leisure sports on Life Satisfaction, LeisureContinuance and Leisure Satisfaction, MA. Thesis. The Graduate School Ewha Womans University, 2018.
  39. Yoeng-mee Lee, The Effects of Middle School Student's Daily Stress and Failure Experience on Happiness : Moderating Effect of the Grit, MA. Thesis. The Graduate School of Education Kyeungnam University, 2018.
  40. Hee-eun Kim, The Structural Relationship among Performance Self-Confidence, Mastery Goal Orientation, Grit and Stress Coping Style of University Students Majoring In Performing Arts, Ph. D. Thesis. The Graduate School of Jeonju University, 2018.
  41. Hyun-seop Kwon, A Study on the Effects of GRIT by the Life Planner on Productivity : Centrally of the Mediating Effect of KASH, MA. Thesis. The Graduate School of Hoseo University, 2018.
  42. Young-ju Ryu, How Grit Develops and Shows: On the Relationship with Effort-Reward Imbalance, Pre-Task Trial, And Re-Challenge in Unsolvable Task, MA. Thesis. The Graduate School Ewha Womans University, 2018.
  43. Duckworth, A. L., & Quinn, P. D., " Development and validation of the Short Grit Scale (GRIT-S)". Journal of Personality Assessment, 91 (2), pp. 166-174, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223890802634290
  44. Hee-myeong Kim, A Study on the Validation of the Korean Grit Scale, MA. Thesis. The Graduate School of Education Gyeongin National University of Education, 2015.
  45. Hyun-hee Lim, The Development and Validation of Academic Grit Scale for Adolescents, Ph. D. Thesis, The Graduate School of Gyeongsang National University, 2018.