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A Study on Urbanization Efficiency analysis of China's 31 provinces and cities

중국 31개 성 및 직할시의 도시화 효율성 분석에 관한 연구

  • Zhou, Yi Xi (Graduate School of Business, Sehan University) ;
  • Jeon, Jun-Woo (Department of East Asian Studies & Logistics, SungKyul University) ;
  • Kim, Hyung-Ho (Department of Air Transport and Logistics, Sehan University)
  • 주이희 (세한대학교 경영대학원) ;
  • 전준우 (성결대학교 동아시아물류학부) ;
  • 김형호 (세한대학교 항공교통물류학과)
  • Received : 2019.11.01
  • Accepted : 2019.12.20
  • Published : 2019.12.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to analyze the efficiency of urbanization in 31 provinces and cities in China, including both desirable and non-expected outputs produced during the urbanization process. Efficiency was analyzed by applying the SBM-DEA model using the urbanization calculation data of 2017 in 31 provinces and cities in China. The results show that the urbanization efficiency of eastern region is the highest, followed by central region and northeast region, and the urbanization efficiency of western region is the lowest. This study is meaningful in that it analyzes the efficiency of urbanization in 31 provinces and cities in China and suggests the direction of continuous urbanization policy. This study is limited in that it does not reflect the past trend only by conducting cross-sectional analysis for one year in 2017, and it is necessary to comprehensively evaluate urbanization efficiency by conducting additional longitudinal area analysis in the future.

본 연구의 목적은 도시화 과정에서 생산되는 바람직한 산출과 기대 하지 않는 산출 모두를 포함하여 중국 31개 성과 직할시에 대해 도시화 효율성을 분석하는 것이다. 중국 31개 성 및 직할시의 2017년 도시화 관련 산출 데이터를 활용하여 SBM-DEA모델을 적용해 효율성을 분석하였다. 분석결과 동부지역의 도시화 효율이 가장 높고 중부와 동북지역의 도시화 효율이 그 다음으로 낮으며 서부지역은 도시화 효율이 상대적으로 가장 낮은 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구는 중국 31개 성 및 직할시의 도시화 추진의 효율성을 분석하고 지속적인 도시화 정책 추진의 방향을 제시하였다는데 의의가 있다. 이번 연구는 2017년 1년간의 횡단면적 분석만 시행하여 과거의 추이를 반영하지 못한 한계가 있으며, 향후 종단면적 분석을 추가적으로 실시하여 도시화 효율성을 종합적으로 평가할 필요가 있다.

Keywords

References

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