DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Accessibility to digital information of middle-aged and elderly people, and its impact on life satisfaction level: Sequential Mediation Effects on online social engagement and online network activity

중고령자의 디지털 정보화 접근수준과 삶의 만족도 간의 관계에서 온라인 사회참여/네트워크 활동의 매개효과

  • Received : 2019.10.08
  • Accepted : 2019.12.20
  • Published : 2019.12.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the access level of digital information service and life satisfaction level of the middle and high-aged people and to analyze the Sequential Mediation Effects on online social engagement and online network activities. To this end, we analyzed the effects of multiple mediations on 1,491 seniors who responded to the 2018 digital information gap survey. The results of the study are as follows: First, this study confirmed that there is a statistically significant relationship between the access levels of digital information service and the life satisfaction. Second, the results showed that impact of digital information access level on life satisfaction among high-aged people was higher when they were engaged in both online social activities and online networking, rather than only involved in online social activities. Overall, this study comprehensively examined the relationship among the level of digital information access, life satisfaction, online social engagement, and online networking, which is meaningful in that it can be used as data for reconsideration of the digital information services and life satisfaction of the high-aged people.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea

References

  1. Y. G. Seo et al. (2016). A Study on ICT Adoption and Use of the Aged and Policy Approaches to Improve Digital Welfare. Korea Welfare Information and Communication
  2. National Information Society Agency. (2018). 2018 Digital information gap survey. National Information Society Agency.
  3. Zheng, R., Spears, J., Luptak, M. & Wilby, F. (2015). Understanding older adults' perceptions of Internet use: An exploratory factor analysis. Educational Gerontology, 41(7), 504-518. https://doi.org/10.1080/03601277.2014.1003495
  4. W. S, Kang, M. S. Kim & J. U. Ko. (2013). Effects of the Smartphone Information Use and Performance on Life Satisfaction among the Elderly. Journal of the Korean Gerontological Society, 33(1), 199-214.
  5. Bradley, N. & Poppen, W. (2003). Assistive technology, computers and Internet may decrease sense of isolation for homebound elderly and disabled persons. Technology and disability, 15(1), 19-25. https://doi.org/10.3233/TAD-2003-15104
  6. Y. J. Kim & J. M. Jung. (2006). Older People and Midia. Korea Press Foundation.
  7. P. S. Kim, H. S. Kim & M. S. Lee. (2014). The Effect of the Elderly's Information Application Level on Quality of Life. Journal of Korean Associastion for Regional Information Society, 17(1), 25-47.
  8. J. H. Oh. (2017). Categorizing the Level of Digital Literacy and the Effect of Social Relationships: Toward Basic Competence in Use of Digital Media and Services. Journal of Cybercommunication Academic Society, 34(2), 39-81.
  9. M. Y. Kim. (2018). The Effects of Smartphone Use on Spouse Relationship Satisfaction, Children Relationship Satisfaction, and Satisfaction with Social Acquaintance Relationship among Older Adults. Korea Academy Industrial Cooperation Society, 19(3).
  10. S. H. Kim. (2019). The Use of Digital Devices by North Korean Defectors and South Koreans and the Formation of Social Support - Focusing on the Convergence Characteristics of Digital Devices. Culture and Convergence, 41(3), 357-390.
  11. S. H. Kim & H. S. Lee. (2019). The use of digital devices in marriage immigrant women and adaptation to Korean society : focusing on the mediating effect of social support and life satisfaction. Information Society & Media, 20(1), 19-43.
  12. Wright, K. (1999). The communication of social support within an on-line community for older adults: A qualitative analysis of the SeniorNet community. Communication Quarterly, 47(4), S33. https://doi.org/10.1080/01463379909370122
  13. Godfrey, M. & Johnson, O. (2009). Digital circles of support: Meeting the information needs of older people, Computers in Human Behavior, 25(3), 633-642. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2008.08.016
  14. S. J. Kim, Y, S. Yang, I. S. Lee, J. W. Kim & J. M. Kang. (2009). A Study on the Effect of Information Sharing Activity of the Elderly on the Quality of Life in the Online Environment: Based on the Social Emotional Choice Theory. Information Systems Review, 271-276.
  15. J. H. Ahn, K. C. Lim, Y. J. Lee & K. S. Kim. (2011). Effects of Computer/Internet Game Play on Depression and Life Satisfaction among the Elderly : Mediating Effects of Perceived Self-Control. JOURNAL OF THE KOREA CONTENTS ASSOCIATION, 11(7), 406-417. https://doi.org/10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.7.406
  16. B. J. Jeon & H. J. Gwak. (2016). Relationship between Information Use and Quality of Life by Household Types of Elderly. Korea Academy Industrial Cooperation Society, 17(10), 213-220.
  17. C. M. Koo, Y. H, Joun & N. H. Chung. (2012). A Study on the Usage Motivation and Outcomes of Social Network Service: Focusing on Presentation Desire of Online Identity. Korean management review, 41(5), 1135-1156.
  18. S. H. Sim & J. Y. Moon. (2012). A study on Mobile SNS Attributes Effects on Information share, Relationship formation, and User satisfaction. Journal of the Korean society for Quality Management, 40(1), 61.
  19. Chen, T. (2002). Internet use among young and older adults: relation to psychological wellbeing, Journal of Educational Gerontology, 28, 731-744, https://doi.org/10.1080/03601270290099921
  20. Chan, M. (2015). Mobile phones and the good life: Examining the relationships among mobile use, social capital, and subjective well-being. New Media & Society, 17(1), 96-113. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444813516836
  21. Wellman, B., Haase, A. Q., Witte, J. & Hampton, (2002). Does the Internet Increase, Decrease, or Supplement Social Capital? : Social Networks, Participation, and Community Commitment, American Behavioral Scientist, 4593, 436-455.
  22. M. A. Kim. (2007). Making of Social Capital on Cyberspace : Analysis of the On-line Network of University Students in Korea. Information Society & Media, 11, 25-61.
  23. Y. S. Yoo & H. J. Son. (2012). Research on Relationships between Internet Use and the Elderly's Life Quality. JOURNAL OF THE KOREA CONTENTS ASSOCIATION, 12(4), 235-244. https://doi.org/10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.04.235
  24. Bian, M. & Leung, L. (2015). Linking loneliness, shyness, smartphone addiction symptoms, and patterns of smartphone use to social capital. Social Science Computer Review, 33(1), 61-79. https://doi.org/10.1177/0894439314528779
  25. B. J. Lee & S. H. Myeong. (2010a). Influence of Information Recognition and Internet Utilization on the Social Network Formation of the Elderly:. Journal of Korean Associastion for Regional Information Society, 13(4), 151-179.
  26. B. J. Lee & S. H. Myeong. (2010b). Exploratory Study on the Relationship between Internet Use and Social Network of Elderly People : Focusing Metropolitan Cities. The Korean Journal of Local Government Studies, 14(3), 269-293.
  27. S. J. Chang & J. J. Lee. (2010). Computer Use and Social Participation in Old Age : Analysis according to the Computer Use Patterns of Young Old. Korean Journal of Social Welfare, 62(3), 353-374. https://doi.org/10.20970/kasw.2010.62.3.014
  28. Hayes, A. F. & Scharkow, M. (2013). The relative trustworthiness of inferential tests of the indirect effect in statistical mediation analysis: Does method really matter?. Psychological science, 24(10), 1918-1927. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797613480187
  29. Hayes, A. F. (2015). Intermediate analysis, control analysis and controlled parameter analysis using PROCESS macro.
  30. W. M. Hur. (2013). How Researchers Estimate Indirect Effect using Bootstrapping : The Case of Simple, Multiple, and Double Mediation. JOURNAL OF CORPORATION AND INNOVATION, 6(3), 43-59.