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Occurrence and Behavior Analysis of Soil Erosion by Applying Coefficient and Exponent of MUSLE Runoff Factor Depending on Land Use

국내 토지이용별 MUSLE 유출인자의 계수 및 지수 적용을 통한 토양유실 발생 및 거동 분석

  • Lee, Seoro (Department of Regional Infrastructure Engineering, Kangwon University) ;
  • Lee, Gwanjae (Department of Regional Infrastructure Engineering, Kangwon University) ;
  • Yang, Dongseok (Department of Regional Infrastructure Engineering, Kangwon University) ;
  • Choi, Yujin (Department of Regional Infrastructure Engineering, Kangwon University) ;
  • Lim, Kyoung Jae (Department of Regional Infrastructure Engineering, Kangwon University) ;
  • Jang, Won Seok (Sustainability Innovation Lab at Colorado (SILC), University of Colorado Boulder)
  • 이서로 (강원대학교 지역건설공학과) ;
  • 이관재 (강원대학교 지역건설공학과) ;
  • 양동석 (강원대학교 지역건설공학과) ;
  • 최유진 (강원대학교 지역건설공학과) ;
  • 임경재 (강원대학교 지역건설공학과) ;
  • 장원석 (콜로라도 볼더 대학교)
  • Received : 2019.10.11
  • Accepted : 2019.11.05
  • Published : 2019.12.30

Abstract

The coefficient and exponent of the MUSLE(Modified Universal Soil Loss Equation) runoff factor in the SWAT(Soil and Water Assessment Tool) model are 11.8 and 0.56 respectively, which are equally applied to the estimation of soil erosion regardless of land use. they could derive overestimation or underestimation of soil erosion, which can cause problems in the selection of soil erosion-vulnerable area and evaluation of reduction management. However, there are no studies about the estimation of coefficients and exponent for the MUSLE runoff factor by land use and their applicability to the SWAT model. Thus, in order to predict soil erosion and sediment behavior accurately through SWAT model, it is necessary to estimate the coefficient and exponent of the MUSLE runoff factor by land use and evaluate its applicability. In this study, the coefficient and exponent of MUSLE runoff factor by land use were estimated for Gaa-cheon Watershed, and the differences in soil erosion and sediment from SWAT model were analyzed. The coefficient and exponent of runoff factor estimated by this study well reflected the characteristics of soil erosion in domestic highland watershed. Therefore, in order to apply the MUSLE which developed based on observed data of US agricultural basin to the domestic watershed, it is considered that a sufficient modification and supplementation process for the coefficient and exponent of the MUSLE runoff factor depending on land use is necessary. The results of this study can be used as a basic data for selecting soil erosion vulnerable area in the non-point source management areas and establishing and evaluating soil erosion reduction management.

SWAT(Soil and Water Assessment Tool) 모형 내 MUSLE(Modified Universal Soil Loss Equation) 유출인자의 계수 및 지수는 각각 11.8과 0.56으로 토지이용별 토양유실 산정에 동일하게 적용되는 문제점이 있다.이는 결과적으로 토양유실량을 과대 또는 과소 평가할 수 있으며, 결과적으로 우심지역 선별과 저감 대책에 따른 효율 평가에 문제를 발생시킬 수 있다. 그러나 아직까지 토지이용별 MUSLE 유출인자에 대한 계수 및 지수 산정과 이에 대한 SWAT 모형 내 적용성 평가가 이루어진 바 없다. 따라서 국내 유역을 대상으로 토양유실 발생 및 거동을 정확하게 예측하기 위해서는 토지이용별 유출인자의 계수 및 지수 산정과 이에 대한 SWAT 모형 내 적용성 평가가 필요하다. 이에 본 연구에서는 가아천 유역을 대상으로 토지이용별 유출인자의 계수 및 지수를 산정하고, SWAT 모형 내 적용에 따른 토양유실 및 유사유출 발생량 차이를 비교 분석하였다. 본 연구에서 산정된 토지이용별 유출인자의 계수 및 지수는 국내 고랭지 유역에서의 토양유실 발생 특성을 잘 반영하고 있는 것으로 분석되었다. 또한 토지이용별 유출인자의 계수 및 지수 적용에 따라 유역에서의 토양유실 및 유사유출 발생량 값은 큰 차이를 보이는 것으로 분석되었다. 따라서 국내 유역을 대상으로 기존에 미국에서 개발된 MUSLE를 적용하기 위해서는 토지이용별 유출인자의 계수 및 지수에 대한 충분한 수정·보완 과정이 중요시되어야 할 것으로 판단된다. 향후 본 연구의 결과는 비점오염원관리지역 내 토양유실 우심지역 선별과 토양유실 저감 대책 수립 및 평가를 위한 기초자료로 활용될 수 있으리라 판단된다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Korea Environment Industry & Technology Institute(KEITI)

This work was supported by Korea Environment Industry & Technology Institute(KEITI) through Advanced Water Management Research Program, funded by Korea Ministry of Environment(MOE)(Grant. 83085)

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