Empirical mode decomposition based on Fourier transform and band-pass filter

  • Chen, Zheng-Shou (Department of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Zhejiang Ocean University) ;
  • Rhee, Shin Hyung (Department of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Seoul National University) ;
  • Liu, Gui-Lin (College of Engineering, Ocean University of China)
  • Received : 2019.01.25
  • Accepted : 2019.04.27
  • Published : 2019.02.18


A novel empirical mode decomposition strategy based on Fourier transform and band-pass filter techniques, contributing to efficient instantaneous vibration analyses, is developed in this study. Two key improvements are proposed. The first is associated with the adoption of a band-pass filter technique for intrinsic mode function sifting. The primary characteristic of decomposed components is that their bandwidths do not overlap in the frequency domain. The second improvement concerns an attempt to design narrowband constraints as the essential requirements for intrinsic mode function to make it physically meaningful. Because all decomposed components are generated with respect to their intrinsic narrow bandwidth and strict sifting from high to low frequencies successively, they are orthogonal to each other and are thus suitable for an instantaneous frequency analysis. The direct Hilbert spectrum is employed to illustrate the instantaneous time-frequency-energy distribution. Commendable agreement between the illustrations of the proposed direct Hilbert spectrum and the traditional Fourier spectrum was observed. This method provides robust identifications of vibration modes embedded in vibration processes, deemed to be an efficient means to obtain valuable instantaneous information.


Supported by : National Natural Science Foundation of China, Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province, Dalian University of Technology


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