Vertical arrangement of coils for efficient cargo tank heating

  • Magazinovic, Gojko (University of Split, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture)
  • Received : 2018.08.21
  • Accepted : 2019.02.19
  • Published : 2019.02.18


Tanker cargo tanks are equipped with the means of raising and maintaining the cargo discharge temperature to a suitable level. In this paper, a new heating coil design is proposed and analyzed. Contrary to conventional designs, wherein the heating coils are evenly distributed over the tank bottom, the proposed design arranges the heating coils in the central part of the tank bottom, in a vertical direction. Due to the intensive cargo circulation generated, a forced convection is superimposed on a buoyancy-driven natural convection, providing a more efficient mixed convection heat transfer mechanism. Numerical simulations performed by using a finite volume method show that in the case of 7-bar steam Bunker C heavy fuel oil heating, a five-hour circulation phase average heat transfer coefficient equals 199.2 W/m2K. This result might be taken as an impetus for the more thorough experimental examination.


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