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Effect of Liquid Fertilizer Application using Fish-meal, Bone-meal and Sesame oil-cake on Seed Germination and Growth of Tomato

어분, 골분 및 참깨박을 이용한 발효액비 제조에 따른 무 발아 및 토마토 생육에 미치는 영향

  • An, Nan-Hee (Organic Agriculture Division, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences) ;
  • Lee, Sang-min (Organic Agriculture Division, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences) ;
  • Cho, Jung-Rai (Organic Agriculture Division, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences) ;
  • Lee, Cho-Rong (Organic Agriculture Division, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences) ;
  • Kong, Min-jae (Organic Agriculture Division, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences)
  • 안난희 (국립농업과학원 유기농업과) ;
  • 이상민 (국립농업과학원 유기농업과) ;
  • 조정래 (국립농업과학원 유기농업과) ;
  • 이초롱 (국립농업과학원 유기농업과) ;
  • 공민재 (국립농업과학원 유기농업과)
  • Received : 2019.11.15
  • Accepted : 2019.12.16
  • Published : 2019.12.20

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the physicochemical characteristics of fish meal, bone meal, and sesame oil cake, which are readily available by-products from agriculture and fisheries, during the process of liquid fertilizer fermentation, and to examine the effects of liquid fertilizer application on seed germination and growth of tomatoes. During processing the fermentation for liquid fertilizers by using fish meal, bone meal, and sesame oil cake liquid fertilizers, the pH of the fertilizer increased in the order of bone meal > fish meal > sesame oil cake, and the concentration increased rapidly up to 30 days in all types of liquid fertilizer. The nitrogen content of the liquid fertilizers increased as fermentation progressed in the order of fish meal > bone meal > sesame oil cake. The phosphorus content increased as fermentation progressed and the highest was 1.0 % in the liquid fertilizer of sesame oil cake. The germination rate and its index of radish seeds were compared for different dilutions of each of the liquid fertilizers. Excluding the 10-fold dilution of the fish meal and oil cake liquid fertilizer, all the treatment groups showed a germination rate ≥ 95 % and the germination index tended to increase with dilution rate of liquid fertilizers. For responses of tomato growth, there were no significant differences among the liquid fertilizer treatment groups; however, the organic content, microbial density, and microbial biomass C in the soil were higher than chemical fertilizer treatment. These results demonstrated that there were differences in the characteristics of liquid fertilizers depending on the materials used, and that liquid fertilizer can be used for nutrition management for the organic crop cultivation.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 국립농업과학원

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