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The Influence of Exercise Intention, Exercise Habits, and Exercise Self-efficacy on Regular Exercise Behaviors in the Elderly

노인의 운동의도, 운동습관, 운동자기효능감이 규칙적 운동행위에 미치는 영향

  • Nam, Song Mi (Department of Nursing, International University of Korea) ;
  • Eun, Young (College of Nursing, Institute of Health Sciences, Gyeongsang National University)
  • 남송미 (한국국제대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 은영 (경상대학교 간호대학.건강과학연구원)
  • Received : 2019.10.23
  • Accepted : 2019.11.26
  • Published : 2019.12.31

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of exercise intention, exercise habit, exercise self-efficacy on exercise behavior with elders at welfare center. Methods: The subjects were 152 elders at the welfare center at J city. Data were collected using the questionnaires which consisted of the Exercise intention scale and the Exercise habit scale developed by Lee and Gu (2018), and the Exercise self-efficacy scale developed by Lee and Chang (2001). The collected data were analyzed with the SPSS/WIN 22.0 program, which was used for frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, x2 test, and multiple logistic regression. Results: The regular exercise group consisted of 92 elders (62.5%) and the irregular exercise group of 60 elders (39.5%). The scores for exercise intention, exercise habits, exercise self-efficacy were 3.28±0.70, 3.92±0.61, 2.80±0.88 in regular exercise group, and 2.38±0.99, 3.00±1.07, 2.04±0.73 in irregular exercise group, respectively. Two groups were significantly different between the two groups. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that exercise intention (OR: 2.26, 95% CI:1.19~4.28), exercise habits (OR: 1.79, 95% CI:1.01~3.15), exercise self-efficacy (OR: 1.99, 95% CI:1.11~3.57) were affecting factors for regular exercise in elders. Conclusion: To increase the regular exercise behaviors of the elderly at the welfare center, it is needed the strategies to increase exercise intention, exercise self-efficacy, and exercise habits.

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