Bronze Production Technology in the Early Iron Age: A comparative study of bronze artifacts recovered from the Hoam-dong site in Chungju and Chongsong-ri in Buyeo

초기철기시대 청동기의 제작기술 - 충주 호암동유적과 부여 청송리유적 출토 청동기의 비교 연구-

  • Han, Woorim (Gaya National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage) ;
  • Hwang, Jinju (Conservation Division of NRICH) ;
  • Kim, Sojin (Planning and Coordination Division of NRICH)
  • 한우림 (국립가야문화재연구소) ;
  • 황진주 (국립문화재연구소 보존과학연구실) ;
  • 김소진 (국립문화재연구소 연구기획과)
  • Received : 2018.09.30
  • Accepted : 2018.11.12
  • Published : 2018.12.30


Thirty-three Early Iron Age bronzes at the sites of Hoam-dong in Chungju and Cheongsong-ri in Buyeo were investigated in order to study the manufacturing technique and the provenance of lead. Chemical analysis using X-ray fluorescence showed that 33 bronzes consist of copper(Cu), tin(Sn) and lead(Pb) served as major elements. Major and minor elemental analyses by EPMA were performed on two mirrors and 2 weapons of the bronzes investigated. The results shows that bronze mirrors from Chungju and Buyeo were high-tin bronzes(> 30 wt%). And 20% of tin and 5% of lead were founded in bronze weapons. Iron, zinc, arsenic, silver, nickel, sulfur and cobalt detected in four bronzes as minor and trace elements. The four bronzes were alloyed considering their function and were not heat treated after casting due to their high tin content. Lead isotope analysis using TIMS indicates that thirty-three bronzes were distributed southern Korea peninsula except Zone 1. As a result, lead raw materials came from various regions in Korean Peninsula not from Gyeongsang-do regions. The manufacturing techniques of bronze ware generalized at this age, and bronze was produced in various sites using raw materials from various sources.


Supported by : 국립문화재연구소


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