The Effect of Interactive Metronome Training on Attention to Autism Spectrum Disorder Children: Single Case Study

상호작용식 메트로놈(Interactive Metronome; IM) 훈련이 자폐 스펙트럼 장애아동의 주의집중력에 미치는 영향 : 단일대상연구

  • Cho, Sun Young (Dept. of Occupational Therapy, Far-East University) ;
  • Ju, Yumi (Dept. of Occupational Therapy, Far-East University)
  • 조선영 (극동대학교 의료보건과학대학 작업치료학과) ;
  • 주유미 (극동대학교 의료보건과학대학 작업치료학과)
  • Received : 2018.10.16
  • Accepted : 2018.11.03
  • Published : 2018.11.30


Objective: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of interactive metronome (IM) training on attention among children on the autistic spectrum. Methods: This is a single case study, using ABA design, of one child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who had attentional difficulties. A total of 20 sessions were conducted: 3 baseline sessions (A), 14 intervention sessions (B), and 3 follow-up baseline sessions (A'). During the intervention period (B), IM training was performed. Inattention and attention activities were measured as the dependent variables in all three phases (A, B, and A'). Results: Compared to baseline, the subject's inattention decreased in the IM training mediation period, and the performance of activities requiring attention also improved. The intervention effect was maintained even during the follow-up baseline period. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that IM training positively influences attention among children with ASD with attention deficit symptoms. Further, it provides the clinical basis of IM training as an intervention for children with ASD.


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