DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

The Effect of Interactive Metronome Training on Attention to Autism Spectrum Disorder Children: Single Case Study

상호작용식 메트로놈(Interactive Metronome; IM) 훈련이 자폐 스펙트럼 장애아동의 주의집중력에 미치는 영향 : 단일대상연구

  • Cho, Sun Young (Dept. of Occupational Therapy, Far-East University) ;
  • Ju, Yumi (Dept. of Occupational Therapy, Far-East University)
  • 조선영 (극동대학교 의료보건과학대학 작업치료학과) ;
  • 주유미 (극동대학교 의료보건과학대학 작업치료학과)
  • Received : 2018.10.16
  • Accepted : 2018.11.03
  • Published : 2018.11.30

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of interactive metronome (IM) training on attention among children on the autistic spectrum. Methods: This is a single case study, using ABA design, of one child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who had attentional difficulties. A total of 20 sessions were conducted: 3 baseline sessions (A), 14 intervention sessions (B), and 3 follow-up baseline sessions (A'). During the intervention period (B), IM training was performed. Inattention and attention activities were measured as the dependent variables in all three phases (A, B, and A'). Results: Compared to baseline, the subject's inattention decreased in the IM training mediation period, and the performance of activities requiring attention also improved. The intervention effect was maintained even during the follow-up baseline period. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that IM training positively influences attention among children with ASD with attention deficit symptoms. Further, it provides the clinical basis of IM training as an intervention for children with ASD.

References

  1. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders(5th ed.). Washingt on, DC: Author.
  2. Barkley, R. (1997). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, self regulation, and time: Toward a more comprehensive theory. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 18, 271-.279.
  3. Bartscherer, M. L., & Dole, R. L. (2005). Interactive metronome training for a 9-year-old boy with attention and motor coordination difficulties. Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, 21(4), 257-269. doi:10.1080/09593980500321085 https://doi.org/10.1080/09593980500321085
  4. Case-Smith ,J., & O'Brien, J. C. (2015). Occupational therapy for children and adolescents(7th ed). St.Louis, Elsevier.
  5. Cassily, J. F., & Jacokes, L. E. (2001). The Interactive Metronome: A new computer-based technology to measure and improve timing, rhythmicity, motor planning, sequencing and cognitive capabilities. Paper presented at the infancy and early childhood training course, advanced clinical seminar, Arlington, Virginia.
  6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2007). Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders. Autism and developmental disabilities monitoring network, 14 sites, United States, 2002. MMWR, 56, 12-28. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/ss5601a2.html
  7. Dawson, G. (2012). The changing definition of autism: Critical issues ahead. Retrieved from http://blog. autismspeaks.org/2012/01/20/the-changing-defi nition-of-autism-critical issues-ahead.html
  8. Greenspan, S. I. (1997). The growth of the mind origins of intelligence the endangered. reading. MA: Addison-Wesley Longman.
  9. Hattori, J., Ogino, T., Abiru, K., Nakano, K., Oka, M., & Ohtsuka, Y., (2006). Are pervasive developmental disorders and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder distinct disorders? Brain and Development, 28,(6), 371-374. doi:10.1016/j.braindev.2005.11.009 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.braindev.2005.11.009
  10. Kadesjo, B. & Gillberg, C. (1999) Developmental coordination disorder in Swedish 7-year-old children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 38, 820-28. https://doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199907000-00011
  11. Kang, J. W. (2017). The effect of Interactive Metronome training on increasing attention and impulsivity control for children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Therapeutic Science for Neurorehabilitation, 6,(1), 45-54. https://doi.org/10.22683/TSNR.2017.6.1.045
  12. Kim, B. K., Park, S. H., Bang, H. S., Chun, S. H., Han, J. H., & Jeon, B. J.(2010). The effects of sensory integrati on intervention on the attention capabilities of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The Journal of Korean Society of Occupational Therapy, 18(4), 113-125.
  13. Kim, H. H., Bo, G. H., & Yoo, B. K. (2012). The effects of a sensory integration programme with applied interactive metronome training for children with developmental disabilities: A pilot study. Hong Kong Journal of Occupational Therapy, 22, 25-30. doi:10.1016/j.hkjot.2012.05.001 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hkjot.2012.05.001
  14. Kinnealey, M., Pfeiffer, B., Miller, J., Roan, C., Shoener, R., & Ellner, M. L. (2012). Effect of classroom modification on attention and engagement of students with autismor dyspraxia. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 66, 511--519. http://dx.doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2012 .004010 https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2012.004010
  15. Libkuman, T. M., Otani, H., & Stegar, N. (2002). Training in timing improves accuracy in golf. Journal of General Psychology, 129(1), 77-96. doi:10.1080/00221300209602034 https://doi.org/10.1080/00221300209602034
  16. Mundy, P., & Crowson, M. (1997). Joint attention and early social communication: Implications for research on intervention with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 27, 653-676. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1025802832021
  17. Namgung, Y., Son, D. I., & Kim, K. M. (2015). Effect of interactive metronome training on timing, attention and motor function of children with ADHD : Case report. The Journal Korean Academy of Sensory Integration, 13,(2), 63-73. http://dx.doi.org/10.18064/JKASI.2015.13.2.063 https://doi.org/10.18064/JKASI.2015.13.2.063
  18. Patten, E., & Watson, L. R. (2011). Interventions targeting attention in young children with autism. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 20(1). 60-69. doi: 10.1044/1058-0360(2010/09-0081) https://doi.org/10.1044/1058-0360(2010/09-0081)
  19. Shaffer, R. J., Jacokes, L. E., Cassily, J. F., Greenspan, S. I., Tuchman, R. F., & Stemmer, P. J., R. (2001). Effect of interactive metronome training on children with ADHD. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 55, 155-162. doi:10.5014/ajot.55.2.155 https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.55.2.155