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Analysis of the Effect of Small-Bore Piping Resonance Frequency on Defect of Welding Area

용접부의 결함이 소구경배관의 공진 주파수에 미치는 영향 분석

  • Received : 2018.09.23
  • Accepted : 2018.10.23
  • Published : 2018.10.31

Abstract

The piping system of a nuclear power plant plays a role of transferring high energy fluid to equipment and various devices. The safety and soundness of these piping systems are very closely related to the operability of the power plant. In the case of a welded part of a small diameter pipe, it may grow as a microcrack due to a lack of penetration, and it may grow to a size that affects the safety of the pipe due to the influence of mechanical vibration and fatigue load. Resonance refers to an increase in energy as the natural frequency of an object coincides with the frequency applied to the external force. When this resonance occurs, the frequency is the resonance frequency. In this study, when defects exist in the welds of small diameter pipe, the natural frequency of the pipe changes and resonance may occur. Since these resonances are likely to cause fatigue damage to the piping, resonance frequency changes due to the size and shape of the defects are analyzed and evaluated. As a result of the vibration test, the resonance frequency tended to decrease as the depth of the defect deepened, and the influence was larger when the defect existed at the bottom of the top of the trough. Also, it was confirmed that the Transverse cracks had an effect on the resonance frequency in the presence of the cracks in the weld bead, compared to the longitudinal cracks. As a result of this study, it is expected that the cause of the defect and the condition of the pipe can be monitored because the resonance frequency tendency according to the shape of the crack is analyzed.

Keywords

resonance frequency;vibration;fast fourier transform(FFT);small-bore piping;welding area defect

Acknowledgement

Grant : 안전등급 소구경배관 용접부 건전성 실증시험 설비개발

Supported by : 한국에너지기술평가원