DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Examining the Relationships Between Instagram Use, Perceived Social Support, and Psychological Well-Being

  • Hwnag, Ha Sung (Dept. of Media and Communication, Dongguk University)
  • Received : 2018.04.30
  • Accepted : 2018.07.30
  • Published : 2018.10.31

Abstract

This study examined the relationship between SNS use and individual psychological well-being on Instagram. In particular, this study sorted three types of perceived social support-informational, companionship, and self-esteem-to investigate how they influenced individual life satisfaction and loneliness. Results from a survey of 174 college students showed that: (1) frequency of Instagram use was a significant predictor of all three types of perceived social support; (2) status updates had positive effects on perceived self-esteem support, while posting photos was a significant predictor of perceived companionship support; (3) browsing others' profiles was a significant negative predictor of perceived self-esteem support and finally (4) perceived companionship social support had a positive effect on life satisfaction, whereas self-esteem social support had a negative effect on loneliness. These findings imply that Instagram users obtain specific types of social support depending on which activities they engage in and that different types of social support have different effects on well-being.

Keywords

References

  1. Korea Internet & Security Agency. 2016 survey on the Internet use Korea, 2016. Retrieved from https://isis.kisa.or.kr/board/?pageId=060100&bbsId=7&itemId=817&searchKey=&searchTxt=&pageIndex=1
  2. H. Ch. Na, Generation for giving up leisure, marriage, dating, and dreams Juang Ilbo, 2017. Retrieved from http://news.joins.com/article/21126898
  3. H. J. Oh, Ozkaya, E., and R. LaRose, "How does online social networking enhance life satisfaction? The relationships among online supportive interaction, affect, perceived social support, sense of community, and life satisfaction," Computers in Human Behavior, 30, 69-78, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2013.07.053
  4. I. D. Song, "The effect of Facebook use on life satisfaction : analyses of social upward and downward comparisons with surrounding people and Facebook friends," Journal of Cybercommunication Academic Society, 33(4), 209-254, 2016. http://www.dbpia.co.kr/Journal/ArticleDetail/NODE07082119
  5. J. Kim and J. R. Lee, "The Facebook paths to happiness: effects of the number of Facebook friends and self-presentation on subjective well-being," Cyber psychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 14, 359-364, 2011. https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/pdfplus/10.1089/cyber.2010.0374
  6. A. M. Manago, T. Taylor and P. M. Greenfield, "Me and my 400 friends: The anatomy of college students' Facebook networks, their communication patterns, and well-being," Developmental psychology, 48(2), 369, 2012. http://www.cdmc.ucla.edu/Welcome_files/Me%20and%20my%20400%20friends.pdf https://doi.org/10.1037/a0026338
  7. N. Park, K. F. Kee, and S. Valenzuela, "Being immersed in social networking environment: Facebook groups, uses and gratifications, and social outcomes," CyberPsychology & Behavior, 12(6), 729-733, 2009. https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/pdfplus/10.1089/cpb.2009.0003
  8. C. Schaefer, J. C. Coyne and R. S. Lazarus, "The health-related functions of social support," Journal of behavioral medicine, 4(4), 381-406, 1981. https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/BF00846149.pdf
  9. M. Pittman and B. Reich, "Social media and loneliness: Why an Instagram picture may be worth more than a thousand Twitter word," Computers in Human Behavior, 62, 155-167, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2016.03.084
  10. Y. Hu, L. Manikonda and S. Kambhampati, "What we Instagram:a first analysis of Instagram photo content and user types," In, June, 2014. https://www.aaai.org/ocs/index.php/ICWSM/ICWSM14/paper/viewFile/8118/8087
  11. S. Bakhshi, D. A.Shamma and E. Gilbert, "Faces engage us: Photos with faces attract more likes and comments on Instagram," In Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, ACM, 965-974, 2014. http://eegilbert.org/papers/chi14.faces.bakhshi.pdf
  12. J. Phua, S. V. Jin and J. J. Kim, "Gratifications of using Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, or Snapchat to follow brands: The moderating effect of social comparison, trust, tie strength, and network homophily on brand identification, brand engagement, brand commitment, and membership intention," Telematics and Informatics, 34(1), 412-424, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tele.2016.06.004
  13. Statista (2017). Number of monthly active Instagram users from January 2013 to September 2017 (in millions) Retrieved from https://www.statista.com/statistics/253577/number-of-monthly-active-instagram-users/
  14. P. Sheldon and K. Bryant, "nstagram: Motives for its use and relationship to narcissism and contextual age," Computers in Human Behavior, 58, 89-97, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2015.12.059
  15. T. Highfield, "Depicting social television on Instagram: Visual social media, participation, and audience experiences of sbseurovision," Paper presented in international communication Association conference. Puerto Rico: San Juan, 2016.
  16. S. R. Marcus, "Picturing ourselves into being: assessing identity, sociality and visuality on Instagram," Paper presented in International communication association conference. Puerto Rico: San Juan, 2015.
  17. S. Cohen and H. M. Hoberman. "Positive events and social supports as buffers of life change stress," Journal of applied social psychology, 13(2), 99-125, 1983. http://depts.washington.edu/uwcssc/sites/default/files/Interpersonal%20Support%20Evaluation%20List-General%20(ISEL-General)_0.pdf https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-1816.1983.tb02325.x
  18. N. L. Hong, "The Effects of Perceived Social Support in Social Network Service on Social Anxiety and Emotion of Undergraduate Students," The Journal of the Korean Association of Psychotherapy, 6(1), 91-104, 2014. http://scholar.dkyobobook.co.kr/searchDetail.laf?barcode=4050025424059#
  19. M. S. Eastin and R. LaRose, M.S Computers in Human Behavior, 21(6), 977-992, 2005. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2004.02.024
  20. D. Boyd,"Friendster lost steam. Is My Space just a fad?" Apophenia Blog. September 21, 2006.
  21. N. B. Ellison, C. Steinfield and C. Lampe, "The benefits of Facebook "friends:" Social capital and college students' use of online social network sites," Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 12(4), 1143-1168, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1083-6101.2007.00367.x
  22. K. T. Lee, M. J. Noh, M. Kwon and Y. Hu, "A Study on the Relations among SNS Users' Loneliness, Self-discloser, Social Support and Life Satisfaction," The Journal of Internet Electronic Commerce Research, 13(2), 19-39, 2013. http://www.riss.kr/link?id=A99655012
  23. C. J. Blomfield Neira and B. L. Barber, "Social networking site use: Linked to adolescents' social self concept, self-esteem, and depressed mood," Australian Journal of Psychology, 66(1), 56-64, 2014. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/ajpy.12034
  24. J. Davila, R. Hershenberg., B. A. Feinstein., B. A., Gorman, K., Bhatia, Vickie, Starr and R. Lisa, "Frequency and quality of social networking among young adults: Associations with depressive symptoms, rumination, and corumination," Psychology of popular media culture, 1(2), 72, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0027512
  25. E. D. Diener, R. A. Emmons, R. J. Larsen and S. Griffin, "The satisfaction with life scale,"Journal of personality assessment, 49(1), 71-75, 1985. https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/The-Satisfaction-With-Life-Scale.-Diener-Emmons/1a9ed0d0bdde77886f45d0a0bdfe8802d4c16d9e https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327752jpa4901_13
  26. M. G. Haber, J. L. Cohen, T. Lucas and B. B. Baltes, "The relationship between self-reported received and perceived social support: A meta-analytic review," American journal of community psychology, 39(1-2), 133-144, 2007. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10464-007-9100-9