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The Effects of Social Support, Self-Efficacy on Aging Anxiety of the Middle-Aged Women

중년여성의 사회적지지, 자기효능감이 노화불안에 미치는 영향

  • Park, Jung-Hoon (Department of Healthcare Management, Youngsan University)
  • 박정훈 (영산대학교 의료경영학과)
  • Received : 2018.08.08
  • Accepted : 2018.10.05
  • Published : 2018.10.31

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the effects of middle-aged women's social support and self-efficacy on their aging anxiety, with the ultimate goal of providing basic information for devising educational and interventive programs to help reduce aging anxiety. Participants of this study were 210 middle-aged women living in B Metropolitan City. Data were collected from May 10 to 28, 2018, and statistically processed using t-tests, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression analysis. Participants showed significant differences in aging anxiety depending on age, education, monthly income, marital life satisfaction, leisure time activities, and number of friends. In addition, aging anxiety had significant negative correlations with social support and self-efficacy, and the main factors affecting middle-aged women's aging anxiety were found to be self-efficacy, marital satisfaction and social support. Of these, self-efficacy had the greatest effect, explaining 42.7% of the participants' aging anxiety. To help middle-aged women reduce their aging anxiety, it is necessary to provide them with programs that improve social activity participation, raise self-efficacy and promote relationships with family and communities. It is also recommended that these women be provided with educational and interventive programs that help them adjust to aging and develop a positive awareness of it.

Keywords

Aging Anxiety;Middle-Aged Women;Regression Analysis;Self-Efficacy;Social Support

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