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A Study of Driver Test Station-based on Driver Behaviors Assessment: from 20s to 70s

운전운동평가-기반 연령별 운전자 행태 분석 연구: 20대부터 70대까지

  • Song, Chiang-Soon (Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Health Science, Chosun University) ;
  • Lee, Oan-Na (Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Health Science, Chosun University) ;
  • Im, Hyun-Jun (Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Health Science, Chosun University) ;
  • Park, Su-Jin (Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Health Science, Chosun University) ;
  • Jo, Jin-Min (Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Health Science, Chosun University) ;
  • On, Hyeong-Min (Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Health Science, Chosun University)
  • 송창순 (조선대학교 보건과학대학 작업치료학과) ;
  • 이안나 (조선대학교 보건과학대학 작업치료학과) ;
  • 임현준 (조선대학교 보건과학대학 작업치료학과) ;
  • 박수진 (조선대학교 보건과학대학 작업치료학과) ;
  • 조진민 (조선대학교 보건과학대학 작업치료학과) ;
  • 온형민 (조선대학교 보건과학대학 작업치료학과)
  • Received : 2018.08.11
  • Accepted : 2018.10.05
  • Published : 2018.10.31

Abstract

Driving behaviors are reported to be vulnerable to safe driving in unexpected situations or driving in the city due to deterioration of physical and cognitive functions in elderly drivers. The purpose of this study was to investigate the difference in driving behaviors according to age of self-drivers and to identify changes in physical function related to driving caused by normal aging. The subjects of the study included 75 healthy adults (21 persons aged 20-39 years, 40 persons 40-64 years, 14 persons 65 years old) who were self-driving and possessed a driver's license. Data included sex, dominant hand, medication, exercise, age, and driving time obtained by a self-reported questionnaire. In addition, this study measured steering, acceleration and braking using a Driver Test Station. Results of the study showed there was no significant difference in power test according to age group, but the total time of the timer test and the emergency brake test significantly differed according to age. The timer test and emergency brake test were completed fastest in young adults between 20 and 39 years old and completed slowest in elderly people 65 years old or over. Based on our study results, it is suggested that normal aging affects the perceptual-cognitive processes associated with driving behaviors.

Keywords

Acceleration;Braking;Driving;Elderly;Steering

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 조선대학교

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