Victimized woman under masculine power: Rappaccini's Daughter

남성의 권력에 의해 희생된 여성: 『라파치니의 딸』

  • Ryu, Da-Young (Global Language Liberal Arts School, Jungwon University)
  • 류다영 (중원대학교 글로벌언어 교양학부)
  • Received : 2018.07.27
  • Accepted : 2018.10.05
  • Published : 2018.10.31


Nathaniel Hawthorne mainly deals with the ethical problems of sin and punishment in his works. Through these topics, readers have the opportunity to look more deeply into human nature. In Rappaccini's Daughter, he explains how the power of men influences a woman's life and drives her to death. Her father, Rappaccini, cultivates plants in his garden that are toxic and conducts a scientific experiment that gives his daughter Beatrice a fatal level of toxicity. He insists that this experiment was performed to protect Beatrice, but ultimately, it causes her death. Giovanni, who falls in love with Beatrice, provided an antidote in the attempt to detoxify her, but it resulted in her death. Finally, Baglioni used Giovanni to steer Beatrice to drink the antidote to defend his social status. The three men's selfishness and jealousy led to the demise of Beatrice, who eventually died from the selfish power of men and not due to her toxicity.


Beatrice;Hawthorne;Masculine Power;Rappaccini;Toxicity


  1. E. Wagenknecht, Nathaniel Hawthorne: Man and Writer. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1961.
  2. T. S. Yang, "From the World of Innocence to the World of Experience in the Nathaniel Hawthorne's Works", The Mirae English Languate and Literature Association, Vol.2017, No.6 pp.66-75, 2017.
  3. Nathaniel Hawthorne. The House of the Seven Gables: an Authoritative Text, Backgrounds and Sources Essays in Criticism. 1851. Ed. Seymour L. Gross. New York: Norton, 1967.
  4. Nathaniel Hawthorne, "Rappaccini's Daughter" in Great Short Works of Hawthorne, ed. Fredrick C. Crews. New York: Haper & Row Publishers, 1967.
  5. I. Park. Hawthorne and the poetic attribute of diversity. Seoul: Hansin Munhwasa, 1995.
  6. B. Kim, "Nathaniel Hawthorne's Rappaccini's Daughter: Victory of evil by loss of faith", The collection of professor's papers, Vol.8, pp.189-215, 2004.
  7. S. K. Seo, "Hawthorne's Feminism in The Scarlet Letter", The New Korean Journal of English Language and Literature, Vol.46, No.3 pp.45-67, 2004.
  8. R. Brenzo, "Beatrice Rappaccini: A Victim of Male Love and Horror," American Literature, Vol.48, No.2, pp.152-164, 1976. DOI:
  9. A. J. Kloeckman, "The Flower and the Fountain: Hawthorne's Chief Symbols in "Rappaccini's Daughter"", American Literature, Vol.38, No.3, pp.107-120, 1966. DOI:
  10. Y. Park, "A Study on the Conflict between Ideal and Desire in Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Minister's Black Veil and Rappaccini's Daughter", Studies on English Language & Literature, Vol.39, No.3 pp.25-47, 2013.
  11. K. Jang, "Wandering in Purgatory without Beatrice: on the Problem of Eden in Hawthorne's "Rappaccini's Daughter"", British and American Fiction, Vol.16, No.3 pp.135-55, 2009.
  12. M. Hong, "Head Figures and Heart Figures in Hawthorne's Short Stories", Studies in Nathaniel Hawthorne, Vol.1, No.1 pp.35-89, 1994.
  13. H. Jeong, "The Dual Aspects of Science as a New Order in Rappaccinni's Daughter", Studies in Nathaniel Hawthorne, Vol.3, No.1 pp.181-204, 1996.
  14. D. Leverenz, "Working Women and Creative Doubles: Getting to The Marble Faun", Hawthorne and the Real: Bicentennial Essays. Ed. Millicent Bell. Ohio State University Press, pp.144-158, 2005.
  15. M. D. Uroff, "The Doctors in Rappaccini's Daughter", Nineteenth Century Fiction 27, 1972.