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Effectiveness of Individualized Upper Extremity Exercise Program for Patients after Mastectomy

유방절제술 후 환자를 위한 맞춤형 상지 운동프로그램 효과

  • Lim, Kyung Hee (College of Nursing & Research Institute of Nursing Science, Keimyung University)
  • 임경희 (계명대학교 간호대학 & 간호과학연구소)
  • Received : 2018.07.19
  • Accepted : 2018.10.05
  • Published : 2018.10.31

Abstract

This study was conducted to develop an individualized upper extremity exercise program for patients after mastectomy and evaluate its effectiveness. A nonequivalent control-group pretest-posttest design was used for this investigation. Research participants were patients with breast cancer who underwent mastectomy at two university hospitals (experimental group, n=17; control group, n=16). The experimental group received an individualized upper extremity exercise program three times a week for 7 weeks. Data were analyzed by the ${\chi}^2-test$, Fisher's exact test, Mann-Whitney U-test and Wilcoxon Signed Rank test using SPSS WIN 21.0. Inter-group comparison revealed significant differences between pre-test and post-test in hands behind the back, flexion, abduction, external rotation, internal rotation, and grip strength. Moreover, the experimental group showed significant improvements in hands behind the back, flexion, abduction, external rotation, internal rotation, and grip strength relative to the control. In conclusion, the individualized upper extremity exercise program was shown to be an effective intervention to improve physical functions in upper limbs and shoulders. Therefore, this program should be applied to patients after mastectomy in clinics since many patients have suffered from decreased physical functions in upper extremities.

Keywords

Breast Cancer;Mastectomy;Exercise;Upper Extremity;Flexion;Rotation;Grip Strength

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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