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A Study on Knowledge, Attitude, toward Patient Safety and Patient Safety Care Activities among Long-Term Care Hospitals' Nursing Assistants

요양병원 간호보조인력의 환자안전에 대한 지식, 태도 및 환자 안전활동

  • Received : 2018.07.06
  • Accepted : 2018.10.05
  • Published : 2018.10.31

Abstract

This study investigated knowledge and attitudes of long-term care hospital nursing assistants such as nursing aides and direct care workers toward patient safety and their safety care activities. This was a descriptive study that attempted to enhance the competence of nursing assistants' patient safety management, and the data were used to develop a training program for nursing assistants. A total of 230 nursing assistants working at six hospitals whose wards were over 200 participated and were assessed with a rating 1 or 2 in 2013 in B city. Data were collected using questionnaires from March 2 to March 26 in 2017. The collected data were analyzed by the SPSS/WIN 20.0 program using number, percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, $Scheff{\acute{e}}$ test, correlation coefficient, and multiple regression. In conclusion, the findings show that patient safety care activities were better performed by nursing aides than direct care workers. Higher education and a higher number of patient safety training programs and patient safety care activities were frequent. In addition, nursing assistants' knowledge of patient safety affected attitudes toward patient safety, and attitudes affected patient safety care activities. Therefore, an actual regular training program for patient safety should be executed over five times a year to improve patient safety perception. Furthermore, a hospital system including adequate working time needs to be improved. Based on the results of the study, patient safety in long-term care hospitals should be improved, and this study could be utilized as basic data to develop a training course for improvement of knowledge and attitudes of nursing assistants toward patient safety.

Keywords

Attitude of Patient Safety;Knowledge of Patient Safety;Long-Term Care Hospital;Nursing Assistants;Patient Safety Activities

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