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Effects of LED Light Quality of Urban Agricultural Plant Factories on the Growth of Daughter Plants of 'Seolhyang' Strawberry

  • Lee, Kook-Han (Korea Agency of Education, Promotion & Information Service in Food, Agriculture, Forestry & Fisheries)
  • Received : 2018.09.21
  • Accepted : 2018.10.20
  • Published : 2018.10.31

Abstract

This study was conducted to examine the influence of Light-Emitting Diode (LED) light quality in urban agricultural plant factories on the growth and development of Seolhyang strawberry daughter plants in order to improve the efficiency of daughter plant growth and urban agriculture. LED light quality by demonstrated that above-ground growth and development were greatest for daughter plant 2. Daughter plant 1 showed the next highest growth and development, followed by daughter plant 3. Among the different qualities of LED light, the stem was thickest and growth rate of leaves was highest for R + B III (LED quality: red 660 nm + blue 450 nm/photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD): $241-243{\mu}mol{\cdot}m^{-2}{\cdot}s^{-1}$) and lowest for R (red $660nm/115-117{\mu}mol{\cdot}m^{-2}{\cdot}s^{-1}$). Plant height, leaf width, petiole length, and the leaf growth rate were highest for W (white fluorescent lamp/$241-243{\mu}mol{\cdot}m^{-2}{\cdot}s^{-1}$) and lowest for R + B I (red 660nm+blue 450nm/$80-82{\mu}mol{\cdot}m^{-2}{\cdot}s^{-1}$). For above-ground growth and development, as the plants surpassed the seedling age, mixed light (red + blue), rather than monochromatic light (red or blue), and higher PPFD values tended to increase development. Regarding the quality of the LED light, daughter plant 2 showed the highest chlorophyll content, followed by daughter plant 1, and daughter plant 3 showed the least chlorophyll content. When the wavelength was monochromatic, chlorophyll content increased, compared to that when PPFD values were increased. Mixed light vitality was highest in daughter plant 2, followed by 1, and 3, showed increased photosynthesis when PPFD values were high with mixed light, in contrast to the results observed for chlorophyll content.

Keywords

Light-emitting diode light quality;Photosynthetic photon flux density;Seedling quality

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