Focal change of the pancreatic texture using a direct injection mixture of N-butyl cyanoacrylate and lipiodol in the pig model: a strategy for preventing pancreatic leakage during pancreatic surgery

  • Kim, Eun Young (Department of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea) ;
  • Hong, Tae Ho (Department of Hepato-Biliary and Pancreas Surgery, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea)
  • Received : 2018.01.18
  • Accepted : 2018.05.04
  • Published : 2018.10.01


Purpose: A soft texture of the pancreas is one of the most important predisposing factors for a pancreatic fistula. Thus, in a porcine model, we investigated a method to harden the pancreas locally by directly injecting an artificial material. Methods: During the laparotomy, 51 samples from 17 pigs, including 13 survival models, were randomly divided into 3 groups and either received a direct injection into the pancreas of MHL (1:4 mixture of histoacryl [n-butyl cyanoacrylate] and lipiodol) (group E) or saline (group C) or only received a pinprick into the pancreas without injecting a substance (sham). We measured the change in the pancreatic hardness after the injection using a durometer and examined the histological change of the pancreas using the fibrosis grade in the survival model. Results: The postinjection hardness of the pancreas was significantly increased in group E compared to group C and the sham group (P < 0.001). Pathologically, all cases in group E showed a severe fibrotic change, whereas the other groups demonstrated mild to no fibrosis (P < 0.001). The fibrosis in group E was localized to the area of the injection, while the surrounding areas were preserved. Conclusion: The direct injection of MHL could induce focal hardening and fibrotic changes in the pancreas of the porcine model.


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