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Association between expression levels and growth trait-related SNPs located in promoters of the MC4R and MSTN genes in Spinibarbus hollandi

  • Yang, Yang (School of Life Science, Guangzhou University) ;
  • Lan, Zhaojun (Shaoguan Fisheries Research Institute) ;
  • Shu, Hu (School of Life Science, Guangzhou University) ;
  • Zhou, Huiqiang (School of Life Science, Guangzhou University) ;
  • Jiang, Xiaolu (School of Life Science, Guangzhou University) ;
  • Hou, Liping (School of Life Science, Guangzhou University) ;
  • Gu, Pinghua (Shaoguan Fisheries Research Institute)
  • Received : 2017.08.26
  • Accepted : 2018.02.04
  • Published : 2018.11.30

Abstract

Melanocortin 4 receptor: (MC4R) and Myostatin (MSTN) are two important growth trait-related genes in animals. In this study, we showed that two SNPs, MC4R-719A>G and MSTN-519C>T, found in the promoters of the MC4R and MSTN genes, respectively, are both associated with growth traits in Spinibarbus hollandi. Furthermore, we observed that there were significant associations between the expression levels of the MC4R and MSTN genes and these two growth trait-related SNPs. The expression level of MC4R gene in brain was lower in GG genotype fish with extremely high growth performance than that in AA genotype fish with extremely low growth performance. Expression level of the MSTN gene in muscle was lower in TT genotype fish with extremely high growth performance than that in CC and CT genotype fish with lower growth performance. The results indicated that these SNPs located in the promoters of MC4R and MSTN are associated with growth-related traits through modification of gene expression levels. The MSTN and MC4R SNPs may have useful application in effective marker-assisted selection aimed to increase output in S. hollandi.

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