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근업시간과 눈 피로도와의 관련성에 관한 연구

A Study on Relationship between Near Work and Eye Fatigue

  • 김석화 (백석대학교 보건복지대학원) ;
  • 김효진 (백석대학교 보건복지대학원)
  • Kim, Seok-Hwa (Graduate of School of Health and Welfare, Baekseok University) ;
  • Kim, Hyojin (Graduate of School of Health and Welfare, Baekseok University)
  • 투고 : 2018.09.20
  • 심사 : 2018.10.20
  • 발행 : 2018.10.28

초록

본 연구는 젊은 성인에서 근업시간에 따른 눈 피로도의 정도를 파악하고, 시각적 불편함의 종류를 분석하였다. 평균 연령 25.37세의 347명(남 142명, 여 205명)을 대상으로 눈 피로도와 관련 요인에 대해 설문하였다. 눈 피로도는 Conlon 등이 개발한 시각적 불편함에 관한 설문 도구를 이용하였고, 근업시간은 일일 컴퓨터와 스마트폰 사용을 조사하였다. 대상자의 눈 피로도는 근업시간이 2시간미만, 2~4시간, 4~6시간, 그리고 6시간 이상일 때 각각 $13.65{\pm}7.11$점, $16.83{\pm}6.77$점, $18.88{\pm}6.60$점, 그리고 $18.83{\pm}5.62$점으로 증가하였다(p=0.001). 또한 근업시간에 따라 두통(p<0.030)과 함께 다시 읽기(p<0.036), 안구운동과 탈색(p<0.001)과 같은 시각활동에서 불편함을 느꼈다.

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