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A study using spatial regression models on the determinants of the welfare expenditure in the local governments in Korea

공간회귀분석을 통한 지방자치단체 복지지출의 영향요인에 관한 연구

  • Park, Gyu-Beom (University of Seoul(Social Security Information Service)) ;
  • Ham, Young-Jin (Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs)
  • 박규범 (서울시립대학교 (사회보장정보원 )) ;
  • 함영진 (한국보건사회연구원)
  • Received : 2018.08.30
  • Accepted : 2018.10.20
  • Published : 2018.10.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to analyse the determinants of the change in the welfare expenditure of local governments in 2015. This study analyzed the spatial correlation of welfare expenditure among neighboring local governments and determined the factors affecting the welfare expenditures. According to the results of the study, spatial correlation of welfare expenditure among local governments appears. Determinants, such as socio-economic factors, administrative factors, public financial factors are affecting the amount of the welfare expenditures, but local political factors, and local tax, last year's budgets are not correlated with the amount of local welfare expenditures. In this study, it is significant to found out that the spatial correlation of welfare expenditure among the local governments and to examine the determinants. If possible, it is necessary to analyze the time-series analysis using the multi-year welfare expenditure data, expecially self-welfare expenditures.

Keywords

Welfare expenditure;Spatial autocorrelation;Spatial lag model;Spatial error model;Spatial regression

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