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Research on Instructional Design Models for Cross-Cultural Collaborative Online Learning

온라인 국제교류 협력학습 설계모형 탐구

  • Received : 2018.07.20
  • Accepted : 2018.10.20
  • Published : 2018.10.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine the concepts and types of cross-cultural collaborative online learning that enhance the utilization of advanced ICT in education and contribute to the promotion of educational exchanges between countries, and suggest exchange learning design models necessary for the active introduction. For this study, previous studies related to cross-cultural collaborative online learning were examined. As a result, cross-cultural collaborative online learning is an educational method based on constructivism that explore and construct knowledge by interacting and collaborating with students, teachers, and field experts who are linguistically and culturally heterogeneous based on advanced ICT. The type of cross-cultural collaborative online learning could be divided into synchronous exchange learning centered on remote video classes and asynchronous exchange learning centered on website based tasks. A PPIE learning design model considering the characteristics of each type is presented.

본 연구의 목적은 첨단 ICT의 활용도를 높이고 국가 간 교육 교류협력 활성화에 기여하는 온라인 국제교류 협력학습의 개념과 유형에 대해서 살펴보고, 유형별 수업 설계모형을 제시하는 데 있다. 이를 위해 온라인 국제교류 협력학습 관련 시범사업 및 선행연구를 고찰하였다. 그 결과, 온라인 국제교류 협력학습은 첨단 ICT를 기반으로 언어적, 문화적으로 이질적인 학생, 교사, 현장전문가가 상호작용하고 협력함으로써 지식을 탐구하고 구성해가는 구성주의 기반의 교육방법임을 확인하였다. 유형으로는 원격 화상 수업 중심의 실시간 교류학습과 웹사이트 기반 과제 중심의 비실시간 교류학습이 있었고, 이러한 유형별 특징을 고려한 PPIE(Plan-Preparation-Interaction-Evaluation) 수업 설계모형을 제시하였다. 본 연구의 결과가 온라인 국제교류 협력학습 활성화에 기여할 것으로 기대한다.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Semyung University

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