A Study on the Effects of Wind Fence on the Dispersion of the Particles Emitted from the Construction Site Using GIS and a CFD Model

GIS와 CFD 모델을 활용한 건설 현장 방풍벽 설치가 비산 먼지 확산에 미치는 영향 연구

  • Kim, Dong-Ju (Division of Earth Environmental System Science, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Wang, Jang-Woon (Division of Earth Environmental System Science, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Park, Soo-Jin (Division of Earth Environmental System Science, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Kim, Jae-Jin (Division of Earth Environmental System Science, Pukyong National University)
  • 김동주 (부경대학교 지구환경시스템과학부) ;
  • 왕장운 (부경대학교 지구환경시스템과학부) ;
  • 박수진 (부경대학교 지구환경시스템과학부) ;
  • 김재진 (부경대학교 지구환경시스템과학부)
  • Received : 2018.09.05
  • Accepted : 2018.10.05
  • Published : 2018.10.31


In this study, the effects of wind fences on the dispersion of the particles emitted from a constructing site located in the building-congested area in Busan, Korea, using geographic information system (GIS) and a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model. We averaged the wind speeds observed for 10 years at the Busan automated synoptic observing system (ASOS) and we used the averaged wind speed as the wind speed at the reference height (10 m above the ground level). The numerical simulations were performed for 16 inflow directions, before and after the construction of wind fences with the heights of 5 m and 10 m (total 48 simulations). The detailed flows were analyzed for the northeasterly and south-southwesterly cases which predominantly observed at the Busan ASOS. In the northeasterly case, high concentration appeared at the elementary school next to the construction site due to transport by the airflow coming from the northeast. In the 5-m wind fence case, the wind speeds were slightly weaker and the spread of the fugitive dust was slightly less than those in the no wind fence case. In the 10-m wind fence case, the dust concentration at the elementary school has the maximum reduction of 37%. In the south-southwesterly case, the flow pattern became complicated in the construction site due to the terrain and buildings. Fugitive dust was stagnant at the south side of the construction site but rather spread to the north, increasing the concentration at the elementary school. After the wind fence was built, the concentrations inside the construction site became high as the wind speeds decreased inside, but, the concentrations in the elementary school rather decreased.


Supported by : 부경대학교


  1. Castro, I. P. and D. D. Apsley, 1997. Flow and dispersion over topography: a comparison between numerical and laboratory data for two-dimensional flows, Atmospheric Environment, 31(6): 839-850.
  2. Jandaghian, Z. and H. Akbari, 2018. The Effect of Increasing Surface Albedo on Urban Climate and Air Quality: A Detailed Study for Sacramento, Houston, and Chicago, Climate, 6(2): 19.
  3. Kang, J.-J., 2012. A Study on the Urban Governance for Urban Revitalization with Mixed-Use Development: focusing on Boston Redevelopement Authority, Journal of the Residential Environment Institute of Korea, 10(3): 17-310 (in Korean with English abstract).
  4. Khaniabadi, Y. O., G. Goudarzi, S. M. Daryanoosh, A. Borgini, A. Tittarelli, and A. D. Marco, 2017. Exposure to $PM_{10}$, $NO_2$, and $O_3$ and impacts on human health, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 24(3): 2781-2789.
  5. Kim, D.-Y. and J.-J. Kim, 2016. Evaluation of Atmospheric Environment for Construction of Bridge in Island, Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Technology, 17(4): 353-361 (in Korean with English abstract).
  6. Kim, E.H., C.H. Bae, C. Yoo, B.-U. Kim, H.C. Kim, and S.T. Kim, 2018. Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Emission Control Measures to Improve $PM_{2.5}$ Concentration in South Korea, Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, 34(3): 469-485 (in Korean with English abstract).
  7. Kim, J.-J. and J.-J. Baik, 2010. Effects of Street-Bottom and Building-Roof Heating on Flow in Three-Dimensional Street Canyons, Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 27(3): 513-527.
  8. Kim, K.-H., E. Kabir, and S. Kabir, 2015. A review on the human health impact of airborne particulate matter, Environment International, 74: 136-143.
  9. Kumar, P., M. Ketzel, S. Vardoulakis, L. Pirjola, and R. Britter, 2011. Dynamics and dispersion modelling of nanoparticles from road traffic in the urban atmospheric environment-A review, Journal of Aerosol Science, 42(9): 580-603.
  10. Kwak, K.-H., J.-J. Baik, Y.-H. Ryu, and S.-H. Lee, 2015. Urban Air quality simulation in a high-rise building area using a CFD model coupled with mesoscale meteorological and chemistry-transport models, Atmospheric Environment, 100: 167-177.
  11. Lee, Y.-S. and J.-J. Kim, 2011. Effects of an Apartment Complex on Flow and Dispersion in an Urban Area, Atmosphere, 21(1): 95-108 (in Korean with English abstract).
  12. Lu, F., D. Xu, Y. Cheng, S. Dong, C. Guo, X. Jiang, and X. Zheng, 2015. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the adverse health effects of ambient $PM_{2.5}$ and $PM_{10}$ pollution in the Chinese population, Environmental Research, 136: 196-204.
  13. Luo, K., H. Yu, Z. Dai, M. Fang, and J. Fan, 2016. CFD simulations of flow and dust dispersion in a realistic urban area, Engineering Applications of Computational Fluid Mechanics, 10(1): 228-242.
  14. Markakis, K., M. Valari, O. Perrussel, O. Sanchez, and C. Honore, 2015. Climate-forced air-quality modeling at the urban scale: sensitivity to model resolution, emissions and meteorology, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 15(13): 7703-7723.
  15. Ministry of Land Infrastructure and Transport, 2017. Urban Rearrangement Project Statistics,, Accessed on Jun. 30, 2018.
  16. Seo, Y.-H., 2016. Construction Site Source Profiles of PM2.5 Collected at the Apartment Construction site, Journal Korea Society of Environmental Administration, 22(1): 15-22 (in Korean with English abstract).
  17. Versteeg, H. K. and W. Malalasekera, 1995. An Introduction to Computational Fluid Dynamics: The Finite Volume Method, Longman, Malaysia.
  18. Wang, J.-W., J.-J. Kim, W.S. Choi, D.-S. Mun, J.-E. Kang, H.T. Kwon, J.-S. Kim, and K.-S. Han, 2017. Effects of wind Fences on the Wind Environment around Jang Bogo Antarctic Research Station, Advances In Atmospheric Sciences, 34(12): 1404-1414.