The Effect of Self-leadership and Rejection Sensitivity on Subjective Quality of Life in College Students

전문대학생의 셀프리더십, 거부민감성이 주관적 삶의 질에 미치는 영향

  • Lee, Yunju (Department of Nursing, JEI University) ;
  • Seo, Bomi (Department of Nursing, JEI University)
  • 이윤주 (인천재능대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 서보미 (인천재능대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2018.06.01
  • Accepted : 2018.09.07
  • Published : 2018.09.30


The purpose of this study was to provide a basic data required to improve the satisfaction of life in college students. A sample of 607 students attending the university in Incheon, Korea completed a survey, which consisted of a quality of life questionnaire and sociodemographic inventory. The data were collected between November 14 and November 30, 2016. Data analysis was performed using t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression analysis with SPSS/WIN 18.0 program. The subjective quality of life was significantly correlated with self-leadership (r=.279, p<0.01) and rejection sensitivity (r=-.224, p<0.01). The significant predictors that influence the quality of life of subjects were satisfaction in major, natural reward strategies, gender, anticipated anxiety and grade, in which 27.6% (F=47.27, p<0.01) was the explained variance. (Ed note: confirm) This study showed that rejection sensitivity and self-leadership were significant factors that influenced college students' subjective quality of life. Therefore, college administrators may consider developing educational programs about rejection sensitivity and self-leadership for college students to improve subjective quality of life.


  1. Y. S. Jang, A Study on the Quality of Life of Koreans, p195, Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs, 2007.
  2. J. H. Jeon, "Multiple Mediating Effects between Attachment and Life Quality among Freshmen in University - Stress, Affect, Social Support, Mental Health -", Korean Journal of Human Ecology, Vol.22, No.2, pp.257-266, 2013.
  3. S. H. Min, "An exploratory study on the basic workplace literacy development for the junior college students", The Korea Association of Future Education, Vol.17, No.1, pp.73-97, 2004.
  4. M. J. Cho, "The Effects of Career Maturity of College Students on Job-Seeking Anxiety and Stress", Dong-A University, Unpublished master's thesis, 2010.
  5. S. Y. Han, "Quality of Life and Intrinsic Motivation", The Korean Journal of Culture and Social Issues, Vol.2, No.1, pp.95-111, 1995.
  6. S. R. Hong, "Perceptions of the Self-Efficacy of Youth and Subjective Quality of Life", Journal of Korean Home Management Association, Vol.29, No.6, pp.71-87, 2011. DOI:
  7. S. J. Lee, J. H. Yu, "The Mediation Effect of Self-Efficacy between Academic and Career Stress and Adjustment to College", The Korean Journal of Educational Psychology, Vol.22, No.3, pp.589-607, 2008.
  8. M. H. Kim, Y. J. Kim, "A Study on the Influences of the Self-leadership of College Students Majoring in Beauty Arts on Their Learning Effects and College Life Satisfaction", Journal of the Korean Society of Design Culture, Vol.22, No.4, pp.25-36, 2016.
  9. C. Y. Park, "The Relationship Between Self-Leadership and Self-Esteem of College Students", Korean journal of physical education, Vol 53, No.2, pp.137-149, 2014.
  10. C. C. Manz, "Self-Leadership: Toward an Expanded Theory of Self-Influence Processes in Organizations", Academy of Management Review, Vol.11, No.3, pp.585-600, 1986. DOI:
  11. Y. K. Shin, M. S. Kim, Y. S. Han, "A Study on the Validation of the Korean Version of the Revised Self-Leadership Questionnaire(RSLQ) for Korean College Students", THE KOREAN JOURNAL OF SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY, Vol.6, No.3, pp.313-340, 2009.
  12. K. H. Kim, "Analysis of Influence and Relationship between Self-Leadership and Employment Strategies in University Students", Korean Journal of Youth Studies, Vol.20, No.10, pp.369-390, 2013.
  13. J. M. Boo, D. O. Kang, E. H. Kang, "The mediating effect of defense mechanism in relationship between college students' stress from interpersonal relationship and psychological well-being", Korea Journal of Counseling, Vol.17, No.3, pp.295-318, 2016.
  14. S. Feldman, G. Downey, "Rejection sensitivity as a mediator of the impact of childhood exposure to family violence on adult attachment behavior", Development and Psychopathology, Vol.6, No.1, pp.231-247, 1994. DOI:
  15. M. J. Park, N. Yang, "Validation of Rejection Sensitivity Scale for College Students", THE KOREAN JOURNAL OF COUNSELING AND PSYCHOTHERAPY, Vol.29, No.1, pp.103-127, 2017. DOI:
  16. S. R. Levy, O. Ayduk, G. Downey, The role of rejection sensitivity in people's relationships with significant others and valued social groups. p251-289. In M. R. Leary(Eds.), Interpersonal Rejection, Oxford University Press, 2001.
  17. S. K. An, Y. J. Chung, "The Effects of Rejection Sensitivity on Interpersonal Problems of University Students: The Mediating Effect of Ambivalence over Emotional Expressiveness", THE KOREAN JOURNAL OF COUNSELING AND PSYCHOTHERAPY, Vol.28, No.3, pp.719-741, 2016. DOI:
  18. H. S. Kim, Y. S. Lee, "The Relationship of Rejection Sensitivity, Self-Encouragement, and Interpersonal Competence of Undergraduate Students", Journal of Rehabilitation Psychology, Vol.18, No.3, pp.375-392, 2011.
  19. J. H. Heo, "The Effects of Negative Emotions on SWB in College Students : In the Mediation of Emotion Expression", Journal of Social Science, Vol.25, No.3, pp.225-244, 2014. DOI:
  20. Y. A. Lee, I. Yi, "The Relation Between Rejection Sensitivity and Social Anxiety in Male and Female Korean College Students: The Mediating Effects of Attentional Focusing and Moderating Effects of Attentional Shifting", Korean Journal of Health Psychology, Vol.21, No.3, pp.641-660, 2016. DOI:
  21. J. D. Houghton, C. P. Neck, "The Revised Self-Leadership Questionnaire: Testing a hierarchical factor stucture for self-leadership", Journal of Managerial Psychology, Vol.17, No.8, pp.672-691. 2002. DOI:
  22. E. Diener, R. A. Emmons, R. J. Larson, S. Griffin, "The satisfaction with life scale: A measure of global life satisfaction", Journal of Personality Assessment, Vol.49, No.1, pp.71-75, 1985. DOI:
  23. Y. J. Ryu. "Effect of personality and desire level on subjective well-being", Master's Thesis, Yonsei University. 1996.
  24. B. K. Kim, C. Y. Jyung, "The Casual Relationship among Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy, Self-Leadership, Problem Solving Ability, and Career Motivation", Journal of Agricultural Education and Human Resource Development, Vol.44, No.2, pp.49-71, 2012. DOI:
  25. K. H. Seo, W. S. Choi, S. B. Lee, "A Study on Differences among Self-leadership, Career Decision-making Self-efficacy and Career Maturity according to General Characteristics of Students Majoring in Cooking and Food Service", Journal of Tourism and Leisure Research, Vol.28, No.5, pp.367-391, 2016.
  26. J. M. Rhim, K. J. Oh, "Effects of Rejection Sensitivity on the Quality of Relationship : The Mediating Role of Hostile Behavior and Self-silencing", CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY IN KOREA: RESEARCH AND PRACTICE, Vol.2, No.2, pp.183-195, 2016.
  27. M. J. Lee, J. M. Lee, J. M. Lee, B. J. Choi, J. H. Chun, H. S. Sohn, "Influence of Female Undergraduates upon Sociality and College Life Satisfaction", The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, Vol.12, No.8, pp.300-309, 2012. DOI:
  28. Y. Y. Kwak, M. J. Chung, "The Effects of Child-Rearing Practices and College Students' Financial Independence on Their Psychological Well-Being and Self-Efficacy", Studies on Korean Youth, Vol.21, No.3, pp.121-141, 2010.
  29. D. Jang, "The Mediating Effects of Meaning in Life in the Relationship between Life Stress and Adjustment to College Life among College Students", Hanyang University, Unpublished master's thesis, 2015.
  30. H. J, Lee, "Differences in career openness, career exploration, and career identity by sex and level of social anxiety", Korean journal of educational research, Vol.46, No.1, 79-99, 2008.
  31. J. C. Lee, "Difference and Impact of University Students' Personal Characteristics on Self-Leadership, Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy, Career Preparation Behavior, and Employability", The Korean Journal of Human Resource Development, Vol.15, No.3, pp.215-245, 2013. DOI: