Analysis of Students' Job Basic Competencies and Career Reading Status of the College of Liberal Arts: Focused on "A University"

문과대학 학생들의 직업기초역량과 진로독서 실태 분석 -A 대학을 중심으로 -

  • 주용국 (경성대학교 교육학과) ;
  • 이종문 (경성대학교 문헌정보학과)
  • Received : 2018.08.20
  • Accepted : 2018.09.19
  • Published : 2018.09.30


This study identified problems in reading for future careers and suggests approaches to solve the identified problems by analyzing the fundamental vocational competence and reading for a future career. The study included 457 students in the liberal arts college (humanities and education programs) at "A" university. In accordance with the analysis, communication ability (average 3.61), interpersonal relation ability (3.59), literacy (3.40) and problem solving ability (3.39) were relatively high in fundamental vocational competence, while numeracy (2.72) and entrepreneurship (2.89) were low. Next, 65.2% of those reported no reading for their future career. 46.3% answered 'no time to read books related to my future career.' 25.8% selected 'no books worth reading related to my future career.' 22.5% said 'no curiosity about my future career.' Considering that those who did not read any materials related to a future career reached 65.2% and a number of students had low fundamental vocational competence, this paper suggested the implementation of a systematic educational program for standardizing and strengthening fundamental vocational competence and enhancing understanding of future careers.


Vocation;Fundamental Vocational Competence;Future Career;Reading for Future Career;Reading;Materials related to Future Career


  1. Gyeonggido Office of Education North Office 2011. Career-reading Program Using the School Library(Lifelong Education Scholarship Data 2011-01). Suwon: Gyeonggido Office of Education.
  2. Ministry of Education. 2014. Statistics Data on Employment Rate for College Graduates. Seoul: Ministry of Education.
  3. Kim, Mi-ran. 2012. "The Settlement in Labor Market and the Difference of Major$\times$Gender of College Graduates." KRIVET Issue Brief, 6: 1-4.
  4. 김지경, 정연순, 이계백. 2015. 20대 청년, 후기청소년정책 중장기 발전전략 연구. 한국청소년정책연구원 연구보고서, 1-312.
  5. Kim, Hee-bok, et al. 2014. What Do You Do When You Study Education?: Career Guidebook for Kyungsung University Department of Education. Busan: Sejong Publishing Company.
  6. Kim, Hyo-jung, et al. 1999. The Theory and Practice of Reading Education. Seoul: Korea Library Association.
  7. 'College Students, the Reason Why They are Having Difficulty in Determining Their Career 'Lack of Information': Chung-Ang University Announces of Survey results for Students.' 2017. Dhnews, March 15. [online]. [cited 2018.7.5]. .
  8. Ryu, Ki-rak. 2014. "Level of Education and Skill Mismatch and Labor Market Outcomes." KRIVET Issue Brief, 51: 1-4. [online]. [cited 2018.7.2]. .
  9. Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism. 2013. 2013 National Reading Survey. Sejong: Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism.
  10. Park, Hye Kyeong. 2013. Gender differences in the factors influencing the career competency development of college students. M.A. Thesis. Yonsei University, Department of Education.
  11. Park, Hee Young. 2017. The Effects of the Career Reading Debate Program on Elementary Students' Self Concept and Career Development. M.A. Thesis. Kunsan University, Graduate School of Counseling- Psychotherapy.
  12. 'College Students Spend Three Times the Reading Time on the Internet.' 2011. Sisa Journal, November 24. [online]. [cited 2018.7.5]. .
  13. 신선미, 오은진, 최윤정, 김승연, 이요행. 2016. 여대생 진로개발 및 취업지원 프로그램 개발. 세종: 여성가족부
  14. 'The Most Difficult Point in Job-seeking Activities for Youth is Lack of Employment Information.' 2018. Asia Today, March 4. [online]. [Accessed 2018.6.2]. .
  15. Yu, Gil Sang. 2014. Employment training for college students: career planning and understanding of the labor market. Seoul: Korea Employment Information Service.
  16. Lee, Myeong-Hee. 2012. "Development of the Reading Guidance Course for Strengthening Core Competencies among College Students." Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, 46(3): 79-102.
  17. Jang, Seo-yeong et al. 2014. Student Career Guidance Guide for College Professors. Eumseong: Korea Employment Information Service.
  18. Jeon, Jae-sik. 2012. "College Graduates' Fixation of Downward Employment and Labor Market Effect." KRIVET Issue Brief, 7: 1-4.
  19. Jung, Jae-ho and Eun-hye Lee. 2013. "The Background of College Major Selection and Labor Market Outcomes: Focusing on 4-Year College Students." KRIVET Issue Brief, 31: 1-4.
  20. Joo, Yong-kook. 2017. "Development of Model of a Creative HRD Policy and its Application to the Creative HRD Policies of Busan Metropolitan City." The Journal of Lifelong Education and HRD, 13(1): 153-186.
  21. Jin, Mi-seok. 2017. "Direction and Strategy of College Career Education." The 2nd National University Career Education Forum, 3-23. Sejong: Korea Research Institute of Vocational Education and Training.
  22. Jin, Mi-seok et al. 2017. Report on the University's Career Guidance and Career Start-up University Pilot Project. Sejong: Korea Research Institute of Vocational Education and Training.
  23. Jin, Mi-seok, Kang-ju Lee, Sang-A Lee, and Ha-ryung Kim. 2017. "College Students' Career Education Experiences and Career Development Core Competencies." Core Competency Education Research, 2: 1-21.
  24. Chae, Chang-kyun. 2014. "Comparison of Initial Labor Market Outcomes between 4-Year College Graduates and Community College Graduates." KRIVET Issue Brief, 56: 1-4.
  25. 최동선, 윤형한 2007. 생애단계별 진로개발표준-전문대학 및 대학교를 중심으로. 서울: 한국직업능력개발원.
  26. 'What Skills Will You Develop?', 2012. Daily UNN, May 14. [online]. [cited 2018.7.2]. .
  27. Hwang, Mi Sook. 2017. The Effect of the Career Reading Program on Middle School Students' Career Maturity and Vocational Values Formation. M.A. Thesis. Catholic University, Graduate School of Education.
  28. Fouad, N. A. et al. 2008. "Asian american career development: A qualitative analysis." Journal of Vocational Behavior, 72(1): 43-59.
  29. Lawshe, C. H. 1985. "Inferences from personnel tests and their validity." Journal of Applied Psychology, 70(1): 237-238.
  30. LEXILE Home page. [online]. [cited 2010.6.15]. .
  31. OECD Home page. .