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The Effects of Resistance and Aerobic Exercise on Gait Ability, Physical Fitness, and Body Composition in Older Women

저항운동과 유산소운동이 여성노인의 보행능력, 체력 및 신체구성에 미치는 효과

  • 변재철 (위덕대학교 건강스포츠학부)
  • Received : 2018.04.18
  • Accepted : 2018.06.01
  • Published : 2018.09.30

Abstract

Purpose : The purpose of this study was to determined the effects of resistance and aerobic exercise on gait ability, physical fitness and body compositions in older women. Method : The subjects were 24 older women who were randomly divided into two groups (resistance exercise, n=12, and aerobic exercise, n=12). They 65~80 years old. The subjects done the Gym-ball, Togu, and senior dance exercise three times per week-for 70 minutes each time for 16 weeks. Body compositions, physical fitness, and gait ability were measured in this study. Result : There were significantly improved the walk performance after exercise training for 16 weeks. In particular, it was more effective on resistance exercise training in older women. There were significant differences in muscle endurance, flexibility, balance, body weight, percent of body fat, and body mass index (BMI) after the exercise program. Conclusion : It was more effective improved on muscle endurance, flexibility, and balance performance after resistance exercise program than an aerobic exercise program in older women.

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