Comparison of sociodemographic characteristics, depression, quality of life, and unmet medical need between elders with and without limitation of activity by aging or dementia : Using seventh Korea national health and nutrition examination survey

노령 또는 치매로 활동제한이 있는 노인과 활동제한이 없는 노인의 사회인 구학적 특성, 우울, 삶의 질, 미충족 의료의 비교 : 제 7차 국민건강영양조사(2016) 원시자료를 이용하여

  • Kang, So-La (Dept. of Occupational Therapy, Incheonsarang Medical Center) ;
  • Moon, Jong-Hoon (Dept. of Healthcare and Pubic Health Research, National Rehabilitation Research Institute, National Rehabilitation Center)
  • 강소라 (인천사랑병원 재활의학과 작업치료실) ;
  • 문종훈 (국립재활원 재활연구소 건강보건연구과)
  • Received : 2018.08.05
  • Accepted : 2018.10.02
  • Published : 2018.12.30

Abstract

Objective : The aim of this study was to compare the sociodemographic characteristics, depression, quality of life, and unmet medical need in elders with and without limitation of activity by aging or dementia. Method : The data were used for raw data of seventh national health and nutrition examination survey (2016). We compared sociodemographic characteristics, depression, quality of life, and unmet medical needs between elders with limitation of activity by aging or dementia (n = 32) and elders without limitation of activity (n = 1201). Result : Elders with limitation of activity were significantly older than elders without limitation of activity (p<.001), income was lower (p<.05) and married status had more bereavement (p<.001). The elders with limitation of activity had higher depression (p<.001) and lower quality of life (p<.001) than elders without limitation of activity. Unmet medical need was greater than elders without limitation of activity (p<.001). Conclusion : Elders with limitation of activity showed that they did not receive enough medical services than elders without limitation of activity. These results suggest that the welfare system for the health care of population with aging or dementia needs to be improved.

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