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The Change of Components of Distilled Soju Using Different Fermentation Agents

다양한 발효제를 이용한 증류식소주의 성분 변화

  • Moon, Sae-Hee (Dept. of Convergence Industry, Seoul Venture University) ;
  • Cheong, Chul (Dept. of Convergence Industry, Seoul Venture University)
  • 문세희 (서울벤처대학원대학교 융합산업학과) ;
  • 정철 (서울벤처대학원대학교 융합산업학과)
  • Received : 2018.07.06
  • Accepted : 2018.08.03
  • Published : 2018.08.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to develop a distilled soju with high quality and stable brewing technology by analyzing the changes of general components and volatile components in the production of distilled soju by the use of fermentation agent such as koji and nuruk. White rice flour was used as a main raw material. White koji, yellow koji, traditional nuruk, and improved nuruk were used as a fermentation agent respectively. Also, yellow koji, traditional nuruk, and improved nuruk were added at a certain ratio to prepare white koji. The distillate was prepared by vacuum distillation and the quality characteristics were compared and analyzed. When the fermentation agent was used alone, the alcohol content was higher in the order of white koji, improved nuruk, yellow koji, and traditional nuruk. The initial acidity was higher than that of other fermentation agents and the highest alcohol content was found to be helpful for stable brewing. The highest content of higher alcohol was found in the yellow koji mash, and ethyl acetate was the highest in the traditional nuruk. When the fermentation agents were mixed, there was no difference in the alcohol content between $1^{st}$ fermentation mash and $2^{nd}$ fermentation mash. On the other hand, the content of higher alcohol was increased with the increase of the input ratio of yellow koji, and it decreased with the increase of the ratio of traditional and improved nuruk. It is expected that it will be possible to manufacture various distilled soju with different flavor and aroma if the yellow koji and the traditional nuruk are appropriately used based on the white koji having excellent fermentation characteristics and it will be very helpful for improving the stability and quality of brewing.

Keywords

Distilled soju;Nuruk;Koji;Vacuum distillation;Volatile compounds

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