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Influence of Fatigue, Health Perception, and Happiness on Health Promoting Behaviors among General Hospital Nurses

종합병원 간호사의 피로, 건강지각 및 행복이 건강증진행위에 미치는 영향

  • Kang, Sook (Department of Nursing, Chunnam Techno University)
  • 강숙 (전남과학대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2018.06.04
  • Accepted : 2018.08.03
  • Published : 2018.08.31

Abstract

This study was conducted to examine the correlations between fatigue, health perception, happiness, and health promoting behaviors, and to identify the influencing factors on health promoting behaviors of clinical nurses in two general hospitals. Data were collected from 153 clinical nurses from February 5 to March 30, 2018. Data were collected through personal interviews using a questionnaire. Data were analyzed using t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression. Fatigue according to the general characteristics showed significant differences in drinking and job stress. Health perception according to the general characteristics showed significant differences in disease. Happiness according to the general characteristics showed significant differences in marital status, type of work, clinical career, nursing unit satisfaction, economic level, and job stress. Health promoting behavior according to the general characteristics showed significant differences in clinical career and economic level. Health promoting behaviors showed significant positive correlations with health perception and happiness, but a significantly negative correlation with fatigue. Happiness and economic level, which accounted for 24% of the variance, were significant predictors influencing health promoting behavior in clinical nurses. To improve health promoting behavior in clinical nurses, it is necessary to develop a program that can raise the happiness considering the economic level.

Keywords

Fatigue;Health perception;Happiness;Health promoting behavior;Hospital Nurse

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