The Effects of Multicultural Openness, Preoccupation, Multicultural Acceptability on Multicultural Efficacy of nursing students

간호대학생의 다문화 개방성, 고정관념, 다문화 수용성이 다문화 효능감에 미치는 영향

  • Kim, Kyoung-Hee (Department of Nursing, Kyungnam College of Information & Technology)
  • 김경희 (경남정보대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2018.05.15
  • Accepted : 2018.08.03
  • Published : 2018.08.31


The purpose of this study was to explore degree of multicultural openness, preoccupation, multicultural acceptability, and multicultural efficacy, the factors influencing of multicultural efficacy of nursing students and to provide the basic data to increased multicultural efficacy. This research involved 299 nursing students in B and Y city. Data were collected from May 8, 2017 to 28. Data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression with SPSS/WIN 21.0 program. In results of the study, multiculture efficacy appeared as $3.92{\pm}0.54$. There were significant difference in multicultural efficacy with age, experience of class with multicultural students, experience of other languages class, foreign friends. There were positive correlation between multicultural efficacy and multicultural openness(r=.396, p<.001), between multicultural efficacy and multicultural acceptability(r=.471, p<.001), negative correlation between multicultural efficacy and preoccupation (r=-.464, p<.001). Regression analysis showed 36.1% of variance in nursing students multicultural efficacy can by age, foreign friends, preoccupation, multicultural acceptability. Through this research requires the fellow study to determine the various factors affecting multicultural efficacy of nursing students. And it is necessary to development education and program that can enhance multicultural efficacy is required.


Multicultural Openness;Preoccupation;Multicultural Acceptability;Multicultural Efficacy;Nursing Student


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