Factors Contributing to Death Preparation in Community-Dwelling Elderly: Using Korean National Survey on Elderly 2014

지역사회 거주 노인의 죽음준비 영향 요인: 2014 노인실태 조사 활용

  • Received : 2018.05.02
  • Accepted : 2018.08.03
  • Published : 2018.08.31


The purpose of this study was to investigate the status and the factors associated with death preparation of in Community-Dwelling Elderlys. This study was secondary analysis using with 2014 National Survey on the Elderly in Korea. The number of respondents were 10,281. Data were analyzed with the x2 test, t-test and multiple logistic regression using the SPSS/WIN 23.0 program. 37.7% of respondents had done death preparation. The factors associated with death preparation were sex(CI=1.02-1.25), age(CI=1.90-2.28), living area(CI=1.21-1.45), education level(CI=1.16-1.42), spouse status(CI=1.50-3.22), economic level(CI=1.13-1.36), limit of activity(CI=1.11-1.40), life satisfaction(economic satisfaction(CI=1.17-1.35), children relationship satisfaction(CI=1.25-1.43), friends and neighborhood relationship satisfaction(CI=1.10-1.28)). Based on these results, it is necessary to develop programs for reinforcing elder's psychological death preparation for elders in community organization. To consider elder's characteristics like gender and living area.


elderly;death preparation;Psychological Readiness for Death;Physical Readiness for Death;Life Satisfaction


Supported by : 동아대학교


  1. T. Oh, C. G. Kim, "Effects of Death Education on Attitude toward Death and Depression in Older Adults", Journal of Korea Gerontological Society, Vol. 29, No. 1, pp. 51-69, 2009. UCI:
  2. S. Chung, S. H. Kim, M. J. Koo, "The Relationship between Death Related Factors and Death Preparation: A Comparison of Pre-elderly and Baby-boomers", Korea Journal of Population Studies, Vol. 37, No. 1, pp. 131-153, 2014. UCI:
  3. S. H. Kim, Y. M. Song, "The effects of death education for the elderly on life satisfaction and psychological well-being and the mediating effect of death anxiety", Health and Social Welfare Review, Vol. 33, No. 1, pp. 190-219, 2013. DOI:
  4. M. S. Kim, C. K. Ha, H. S. Kim, "A Study on Life Satisfaction, the View of the Afterlife and Readiness for Death", Korean Journal of Family Welfare, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 111-136, 2011. UCI:
  5. N. S. Moon, K. M. Nam, "The Relationship between the Death Preparation of the Aged and Successful Aging: Focusing on Depression and Death Anxiety as Mediators", Journal of the Korean Gerontological Society, Vol. 28, No. 4, pp. 1227-1248, 2008. UCI:
  6. I. S. Kim, G. R. Kim, H. S. Shin, H. C. Seo, "A meta-analysis of effectiveness of death education program", Journal of family relations, Vol. 21, No. 2, pp. 3-23, 2016. UCI:
  7. T. Y. Kil, "The Effects of Death Preparation Education on Death Anxiety and Self-integration of Elderly People in Urban and Rural Complex Areas", The Korean Rural Sociological Society, Vol. 27, No. 1, pp. 95-124, 2017. UCI:
  8. M. K. Byun, H. J. Hyun, S. J. Park, E. Y. Choi, Efficacy of Well-dying Program for Meaning of life, Self-efficiency, and Successive aging in the Elderly, Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, Vol. 18. No. 10, pp. 413-422, 2017. DOI:
  9. S. H. Kim, S. W. Byun, Analysis of the trends of research education on death, The Society of Digital Policy & Management, Vol. 12, No. 12, pp. 469-475, 2014. DOI:
  10. Y. M. Song, K. Yoo, "A study on effects of death education on death anxiety and Life satisfaction, psychological well-being in older adults", Journal of Welfare for the Aged, Vol. 54, No. 54, pp. 111-134, 2011. UCI:
  11. E. M. Hyun, "Effect of Death Education Program for University Students", Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, Vol. 15, No. 7, pp. 4220-4228, 2014. DOI:
  12. S. H. Cho, Y. S. Jung, "A Study on the Effects of Death Education and Death Anxiety in Older Adults: Mediation Effects of Ego-integrity", Korean Journal of Gerontological Social Welfare, Vol. 70, pp. 319-348, 2015. UCI:
  13. H. H. Sim, "A study on the cognition and attitude on well-dying in undergraduate students-Q methodological approach", Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 233-243, 2012. DOI:
  14. C. Ha, H. Kim, "The Elderly's Self-Esteem and View of the Afterlife: Mediating Effects of Positive Satisfaction and the Level of Death Preparation", Family and Environment Research, Vol. 52, No. 4, pp. 325-336, 2014. DOI:
  15. J. W. Lee, Y. M. Woo, "The Influence of Accepting Attitude toward One's Own Death on Life Satisfaction: the Mediating Effects of Social Support", Korean Journal Medical Ethics, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 225-243, 2016. UCI:
  16. Y. J. Jeong, N. Y. Yu, B. A. Kim, H. J. Shin, Y. S. Chong, "A Meta-Analysis on Variables Related with Successful Aging", Journal of the Korean Gerontological Society, Vol. 34, No. 4, pp. 781-797, 2014. UCI:
  17. S. Kim, J. Han "Adult's Death Perception, Death Preparation, and Death Anxiety", Korea Journal of Population Education, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 23-48, 2012. UCI:
  18. J. H. Kim, K. H. Min, "Predictors of Death Attitude and Death Competency among the Elders", Korean Journal of Social and Personality Psychology, Vol. 24, No. 1, pp. 11-27, 2010. DOI:
  19. M. Pinquart, S. Sorensen, "Preparation for death and preparation for care in older community-dwelling adults", OMEGA-Journal of Death and Dying, Vol. 45, No. 1, pp. 69-88, 2002. DOI:
  20. O. S. Kim, S. H. Lim, "Effects of Perception of Death, Well-Dying, on Terminal Care Attitude among Nursing Students", Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, Vol. 18, No. 3 pp. 63-71, 2017. DOI:
  21. D. I. Templer, "Death anxiety as related to depression and health of retired persons", Journal of Gerontology, Vol. 26, No. 4, pp. 521-523, 1971. DOI: