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A Study on the Combustion Flow Characteristics of a Exhaust Gas Recirculation Burner with the Change of Outlet Opening Position

배기가스 재순환 버너에서 연소가스 출구 위치에 따른 연소 유동 특성에 관한 연구

  • Ha, Ji-Soo (Department of Mechanical & Automotive Engineering, Keimyung University)
  • 하지수 (계명대학교 기계자동차공학과)
  • Received : 2018.05.08
  • Accepted : 2018.08.03
  • Published : 2018.08.31

Abstract

Nitrogen oxides (NOx) have recently been very influential in the generation of ultrafine dust, which is of great social interest in terms of improving the atmospheric environment. Nitrogen oxides are generated mainly by the reaction of nitrogen and oxygen in air in a combustion gas atmosphere of high temperature in a combustion apparatus such as thermal power generation. Recently, research has been conducted on the combustion that recirculates the exhaust gas to the cylindrical burner by using a piping using a Coanda nozzle. In this study, three types of burners were carried out through computational fluid analysis. Case 1 burner with the outlet of the combustion gas to the right, Case 2 burner with both sides as gas exit, Case 3 burner with left side gas exit. The pressure, flow, temperature, combustion reaction rate and distribution characteristics of nitrogen oxides were compared and analyzed. The combustion reaction occurred in Case 1 and Case 2 burner in the right direction with combustion gas recirculation inlet and Case 3 burner in the vicinity of mixed gas inlet. The temperature at the outlet was about $100^{\circ}C$ lower than that of the other burners as the Case 2 burner was exhausted to both sides. The NOx concentration of Case 1 burner at the exit was about 20 times larger than that of the other burners. From the present study, it could be seen that it is effective for the NOx reduction to exhaust the exhaust gas to both side gas exits or to exhaust the exhaust gas to the opposite direction of inlet of recirculation gas.

Keywords

Coanda nozzle;Combustion;Exhaust gas recirculation burner;NOx mass fraction;Reverse flow

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