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Effects of Structured Exercise Program on Hip Pain, Physical Function and Quality of Life in Patients with Total Hip Arthroplasty

구조화된 운동 프로그램이 인공고관절 전치환술 환자의 고관절 통증, 신체기능 및 삶의 질에 미치는 효과

  • Kwon, Eunhee (Orthopaedics, Yangsan Pusan National University Hospital) ;
  • Lee, Haejung (College of Nursing, Pusan National University) ;
  • Lee, Sunghwa (Department of Nursing, Gimhae College)
  • 권은희 (양산부산대학교병원 정형외과) ;
  • 이해정 (부산대학교 간호대학) ;
  • 이성화 (김해대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2018.04.05
  • Accepted : 2018.07.25
  • Published : 2018.08.31

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop a 12-week structured exercise program (12-week-SEP) and evaluate its effects on pain, physical function and quality of life in patients with total hip arthroplasty (THA). Methods: A nonequivalent control group non-synchronized design was utilized to examine the effects of the 12-week-SEP on patients' outcomes after THA. A total of 46 adult patients (experimental group=25, control group=21) who had THA were recruited for the study. The 12-week-SEP consisted of education, exercise (muscle strengthening and progressive walking), and feedback. Data were analyzed by SPSS/WIN 21.0 using the $x^2$ test and repeated measures ANOVA. Results: The mean age of the participants was 60.9 years and 25 men (54.5%) and 21 women (45.7%) were included in the study. There were significant intervention effects on pain reduction and increased physical function but no effects on quality of life. Conclusion: The 12-week-SEP provided pain relief and enhanced physical function in patients underwent THA. Clinical application of the 12-week-SEP can improve postoperative nursing practices for patients with THA. Future research with larger sample is of necessity to obtain greater generalizability of the empirical evidences of the 12-week-SEP.

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