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Factors Affecting Quality of life in the Elderly with Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain

근골격계 만성통증 노인의 삶의 질 영향요인

  • Jeong, Hyesun (Pusan National University Hospital, Busan Center for Infectious Disease Control and Prevention) ;
  • Lee, Yoonju (College of Nursing, Pusan National University)
  • 정혜선 (부산대학교병원 부산시 감염병관리지원단) ;
  • 이윤주 (부산대학교 간호대학)
  • Received : 2018.03.09
  • Accepted : 2018.06.23
  • Published : 2018.08.31

Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to identify factors affecting the quality of life of the elderly people with chronic musculoskeletal pain. Methods: The data were collected from 307 older adults aged 65 years or older with chronic musculoskeletal pain, who visited senior welfare centers in two cities. We used self-rated questionnaires including NRS for pain, WHOQOL-BREF for quality of life, Pain Response Inventory for coping responses to pain, and MSPSS for social support. Stepwise multiple regression analysis were performed using SPSS/WIN 23.0 to identify factors affecting the study subjects' quality of life. Results: The regression model explained 43% of quality of life, which was statistically significant (F=34.11, p<.001). Educational level of high school (${\beta}=.13$, p=.006), pain (${\beta}=-.13$, p=.013), restriction of function (${\beta}=-.13$, p=.028), accommodative pain coping (${\beta}=.24$, p<.001), family support (${\beta}=.18$, p<.001), colleague's support (${\beta}=.25$, p<.001), and perceived health status (${\beta}=.25$, p<.001) were identified as influential factors on subjects' quality of life. Conclusion: Developing integrative interventions is necessary to improve accommodative pain coping skills and to engage family and colleague in support for positive perception of older adults' health status and management of symptoms.

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