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A Survey on Nurses' Experience of Verbal and Physical Violence in Small and Medium-sized Hospitals

일개 중소병원 간호사가 경험한 언어적, 신체적 폭력 사건 실태

  • Kang, Ae Jeong (Department of Nursing, Masan University) ;
  • Lee, Mi Suk (Department of Nursing, Jinju Health College) ;
  • Jeon, Mi Yang (College of Nursing.Institute of Health Science, Gyeongsang National University)
  • 강애정 (마산대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 이미숙 (진주보건대학교 간호학부) ;
  • 전미양 (경상대학교 간호대학.건강과학연구원)
  • Received : 2017.09.15
  • Accepted : 2018.04.20
  • Published : 2018.08.31

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the types of violence experienced by small and medium sized hospital nurses. Methods: Data were collected from March 1 to 30, 2017, using self-report questionnaires. Responses from 87 nurses were analyzed using descriptive statistics, $x^2$ test, Fisher's exact test, t-test. Results: The majority of the respondents experienced violence from patients (60.2%), visitors (25.5%), doctors (12.2%), and other staffs (2.0%). Verbal violence (80.5%) and physical threats (74.7%) were more frequent than physical violence (25.3%). Violence occurred throughout the hospital. However, verbal violence ($x^2=20.85$, p=.005) and physical threat ($x^2=20.80$, p=.006) were statistically significant according to the department. Violence occurred most frequently in surgical ward, followed by artificial kidney room, emergency room, and outpatient department. Conclusion: Most nurses are exposed to frequent violence. These results suggest that hospital should improve the respective organizational cultures and develop promotional programs and administrative policies to prevent violence. Also, hospitals should develop of violence intervention policies and education programs and counseling programs for nurses.

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