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Can the body composition of crossbred dairy cattle be predicted by equations for beef cattle?

  • Neves, Maria Luciana Menezes Wanderley (Department of Animal Science, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, UFRPE) ;
  • de Souza, Evaristo Jorge Oliveira (Serra Talhada Academic Unit, UAST/UFRPE) ;
  • Veras, Robson Magno Liberal (Garanhuns Academic Unit, UAG/UFRPE) ;
  • de Campos Valadares Filho, Sebastiao (Department of Animal Science, Federal University of Vicosa) ;
  • Marcondes, Marcos Inacio (Department of Animal Science, Federal University of Vicosa) ;
  • da Silva, Gabriel Santana (Department of Animal Science, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, UFRPE) ;
  • Barreto, Ligia Maria Gomes (Federal University of Sergipe) ;
  • de Andrade Ferreira, Marcelo (Department of Animal Science, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, UFRPE) ;
  • Veras, Antonia Sherlanea Chaves (Department of Animal Science, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, UFRPE)
  • Received : 2017.12.01
  • Accepted : 2018.03.14
  • Published : 2018.10.01

Abstract

Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficiency of the Hankins and Howe (HH46), Valadares Filho (V06), and Marcondes (M12) equations for predicting the physical and chemical composition of dairy crossbred bulls carcasses, as well as the chemical composition of their empty bodies. Methods: This study was conducted using 30 dairy crossbred bulls. One group of five animals was slaughtered at the beginning of the experiment, and the remaining were slaughtered 112 days later. Animals were distributed in a completely randomized design into treatments consisting different levels of concentrate (0%, 17%, 34%, 51%, and 68%). The physical and chemical compositions of the cattle were obtained from the right half of the carcass and using samples taken between the 9th and 11th ribs of the left half of the carcass. The estimated and experimentally determined values were compared using the correlation and concordance coefficient, as well as the mean square error of prediction (MSEP) and its components. Results: The HH46 equations were better at estimating the amount of muscle plus fat in the carcass. The amount of bone in the carcasses could not be well estimated by the HH46 and M12 models. The M12, HH46, and V06 equations were worst at estimating the amounts of protein, ether extract, and water in the carcass, respectively. In the empty body, the amounts of protein and water were well estimated by the HH46 equations. Protein, ether extract, and water were accurately estimated by the V06 equations, and ether extract by the M12 equations. Conclusion: The physical and chemical composition of dairy crossbred bull carcasses, as well as the chemical composition of their empty bodies, can be predicted using the equations tested here. The amount of bone in these carcasses could not be accurately predicted.

Keywords

Chemical Composition;Physical Composition;Rib Section Cut

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