DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

부산지역 도로변과 주거지역의 PM10과 PM2.5 농도 특성

Characteristics of Fine Particles at Roadside and Urban Residential Locations in Busan

  • 전병일 (신라대학교 에너지화학공학부)
  • Jeon, Byung-Il (Department of Environmental Engineering, Silla University)
  • 투고 : 2018.05.01
  • 심사 : 2018.06.18
  • 발행 : 2018.07.31

초록

This research investigated the characteristics of $PM_{10}$ and $PM_{2.5}$ concentration at roadside (Choryangdong) and residential (Sujeongdong) locations in Busan. The $PM_{10}$ concentration at roadside and residential locations were 50.5 and $42.9{\mu}g/m^3$, respectively, and $PM_{2.5}$ at roadside and residential were 28.1 and $23.9{\mu}g/m^3$, respectively. The roadside/residential ratio of $PM_{10}$ and $PM_{2.5}$ concentration were 1.18, and the $PM_{2.5}/PM_{10}$ ratio at roadside and residential were 0.55 and 0.56, respectively. The $PM_{10}$ concentration in spring at roadside were $64.6{\mu}g/m^3$, and were the highest, followed by $48.0{\mu}g/m^3$ and $45.2{\mu}g/m^3$ in winter and summer. Number of exceedances per year of the daily limit value for $PM_{10}$ at roadside and residential were 66 and 39 days, respectively. The $PM_{10}$ and $PM_{2.5}$ concentration, and $PM_{2.5}/PM_{10}$ ratio at roadside were $53.0{\mu}g/m^3$, $29.0{\mu}g/m^3$ and 0.55 for day, and $45.5{\mu}g/m^3$, $26.7{\mu}g/m^3$ and 0.59 for night, respectively. These results indicate that understanding the relationship between roadside and residential could provide insight into establishing a strategy to control urban air quality.

참고문헌

  1. Busan Metropolitan City Institute of Health & Environment(BIHE), 2016, Busan air quality assessment Report, 2015, 154.
  2. Cho, S. S., Cho, S. J., Yoon, H. K., Go, H. S., Ha, H. J., Kim, H. M., Jung, J. H., Kim, J. H., 2010, The characteristics of long-and short-term air quality at roadside monitoring stations, Report of S.I.H.E., 46, 101-107.
  3. Harrison, R. M., Jones, A. M., Lawrence, R. G., 2004, Major component composition of $PM_{10}$ and $PM_{2.5}$ from roadside and urban background sites, Atmos. Environ., 38, 4531-4538. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2004.05.022
  4. Janssen, N., Mansom, D., Jagt, K., Harssema, H., Hoek, G., 1997, Mass concentration and elemental composition of airborne particulate matter at street and background locations, Atmos. Environ., 31, 1183-1193.
  5. Jeon, B. I., 2010, Characteristics of spacio-temporal variation for $PM_{10}$ and $PM_{2.5}$ concentration in Busan, Korean Enviro. Sci. Soc., 19, 1013-1023.
  6. Jo, W. K., Choi, S. R., 2006, Characteristics of air pollutants concentrations near major roadways in Daegu, Environ. Sci., 737-744.
  7. Jung, S. Y., Kim, K. H., Kim, D. H., Cho, S. J., Kim, M. Y., 2009, Long-term study on ozone concentration profiles in roadside and residential locations in Seoul, Korea, Kor. Soc. Environ. Analy., 12, 204-220.
  8. Kim, C. H., Jo, H. Y., Lee, S. W., Oh, C. S., 2011, Evaluation of emission reduction program for in-use diesel vehicles using $PM_{10}$ concentrations of road-side and background monitoring network, Environ. Sci., 20, 1585-1598.
  9. Kumar, P., Fennell, P., Britter, R., 2008, Measurements of particles in the 5-1000 nm range close to road level in an urban street canyon, Sci. Total Environ., 390, 437-447. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2007.10.013
  10. Lee, C. T., Chuang, M. T., Chan, C. C., Cheng, T. J., Huang, S. L., 2006, Aerosol characteristics from the Taiwan aerosol supersite in the Asian yellow-dust periods of 2002, Atmos. Environ., 40, 3409-3418. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2005.11.068
  11. Lee, Y. K., Kim, W. S., Hong, S. M., Shin, E. S., 2014, Comparison of air pollution characteristics in the center lane-bus stop and the surrounding areas, Kor. Soc. Atmos. Environ., 30, 378-386. https://doi.org/10.5572/KOSAE.2014.30.4.378
  12. Lenschow, P., Abraham, H. J., Kutzner, K., Lutz, M., Preuss, J., Reichenbacher, W., 2001, Some ideas about the sources of $PM_{10}$, Atmos. Environ., 35, 23-33. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1352-2310(01)00122-4
  13. Lonati, G., Giugliano, M., Cernuschi, S., 2006, The role of traffic emissions from weekends and weekdays fine PM data in Milan, Atmos. Environ., 40, 5998-6011. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2005.12.033
  14. Morawska, L., Jayaratne, E. R., Mengersen, K., Jamriska, M., Thomas, S., 2002, Difference in airborne particle and gaseous concentrations in urban air between weekdays and weekends, Atmos. Environ., 36, 4375-4383. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1352-2310(02)00337-0
  15. So, K. L., Guo, H., Li, Y. S., 2007, Long-term variation of $PM_{2.5}$ levels and composition at rural, urban, and roadside sites in Hong Kong: Increasing impact of regional air pollution, Atmos. Environ., 41, 9427-9434. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.08.053
  16. Yin, J. X., Harrison, R. M., 2008, Pragmatic mass closure study for $PM_{1.0}$, $PM_{2.5}$ and $PM_{10}$ at roadside, urban background and rural sites, Atmos. Environ., 42, 980-988. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.10.005