Fuzzy-AHP-TOPSIS를 활용한 자동차 공장의 조달물류 평가에 관한 연구

Evaluation on the Procurement Logistics of Automobile Factories Based on the Fuzzy-AHP-TOPSIS

  • 김영근 (인천대학교 동북아물류대학원) ;
  • 오재균 (인천대학교 동북아물류대학원) ;
  • 박성훈 (인천대학교 동북아물류대학원) ;
  • 여기태 (인천대학교 동북아물류대학원)
  • Kim, Yeong-Geun (Incheon National University, Graduate school of Logistics) ;
  • Oh, Jae-Gyeun (Incheon National University, Graduate school of Logistics) ;
  • Park, Sung-hoon (Incheon National University, Graduate school of Logistics) ;
  • Yeo, Gi-Tae (Incheon National University, Graduate school of Logistics)
  • 투고 : 2018.05.02
  • 심사 : 2018.07.20
  • 발행 : 2018.07.28


자동차 산업은 국제유가 상승, 차량가격 상승 등 다양한 위기에 직면해 있다. 정부 규제완화와 더불어 생산 효율성 증가를 위한 경영개선 노력이 필요하다. 본 논문에서는 조달물류 개선을 목표로 실제 회사에서 사용 중인 요인들을 바탕으로 Fuzzy-AHP-TOPSIS를 활용하여 조달물류 평가모델을 구축하였다. G사 자동차 3개 공장을 평가대상으로 Fuzzy-AHP 분석한 결과, 장기 품질문제 해결, 자재결품 정지시간 최소화, 장비사고 방지, 단기 품질문제 해결이 가장 중요한 요인으로 파악되었다. TOPSIS 분석결과 B공장의 조달물류가 가장 잘 이루어지고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 제시된 평가모델을 사용하여 향후 주기적인 조달물류 관련 평가가 가능하며, 이는 자동차 산업 효율화에 기여할 수 있다는 시사점을 갖는다.

Automobile industry is facing a variety of risks, including the rise of international oil price and the increase of car prices. In addition to the government's deregulation, efforts should be made to improve management aiming at higher production efficiency. In this study, we established a model for evaluating the procurement logistics based on the Fuzzy-AHP-TOPSIS by using the factors that are actually used in real companies aimed at the improvement of procurement logistics. A total of three automobile factories of Company G were chosen as the evaluation subject. In the result of the Fuzzy-AHP analysis that was conducted on a sample of three car factories, solving the long-term quality problems, minimizing the stop time due to the shortage of materials, preventing the of equipment accident, and solving the short-term quality problems were proven to be the most important factors. TOPSIS analysis result indicated that Factory B had the best procurement logistics. Our study has significance that it can contribute to the improvement of efficiency in the automobile industry as the evaluation model suggested in this study can be used for regular evaluation related to the procurement logistics in the future.



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