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Evaluation of Shielding Rate of Bismuth Depending on the Type of Medical Radioisotope

의료용 방사성동위원소의 종류에 따른 비스무트의 차폐율 평가

  • Received : 2018.04.20
  • Accepted : 2018.07.20
  • Published : 2018.07.28

Abstract

In this study, $^{99m}Tc$, $^{123}I$, $^{201}Tl$, $^{18}F$, and $^{131}I$, which are widely used in nuclear medicine, were transmitted through a bismuth shield. We investigated the shielding rates according to the type of radioisotope and the distance of measurement. For the experiment, 6 sheets of lead equivalent 0.25 mm Pb of bismuth shielding material were stacked one by one up to 1.50 mm as the thickness increased. The distance was 30 cm, 50 cm, and 100 cm, and the transmission dose was measured. As a result, the shielding rates was measured as the thickness increased, and the measured value decreased as the distance increased. The shielding rate of $^{123}I$ and $^{201}Tl$ was higher than $^{99m}Tc$, $^{18}F$ and $^{131}I$ showed lower shielding effect when there is a shielding material than when there is no shielding material due to high energy and ${\beta}$ rays. Based on the results of experiments, it would be helpful to reduce the exposure of nuclear medicine workers and to manage the exposure if bismuth shields are used depending on the type of radioisotope.

Keywords

Bismuth;Transmission dose;Shielding rate;Radioisotope;Nuclear medicine

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