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The Influences of College Adaptation, Satisfaction of Major and Clinical Practice on Vocational Identity in Nursing Students

간호대학생의 대학생활적응, 전공만족도, 임상실습만족도가 간호사로서의 직업정체성에 미치는 영향

  • Lee, Mi-Ra (Dept. of Nursing, Daejeon Health Institute of Technology) ;
  • Kim, Mi-Ja (Dept. of Nursing, Daejeon Institute Science & Technology)
  • 이미라 (대전보건대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 김미자 (대전과학기술대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2018.03.12
  • Accepted : 2018.06.01
  • Published : 2018.06.30

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate levels of vocational identity, adaptation in a nursing school, and nursing student satisfaction with major and clinical practice, to examine their interrelationships, and to investigate predictors affecting the vocational identity of nursing students. The participants were 335 nursing students in D city who were surveyed from October to December 2016 using a self-report questionnaire. The data from 317 participants (response rate 94.6%) were analyzed. There was a statistically significant positive correlation between college adaptation, satisfaction with major, satisfaction with clinical practice, and vocational identity. In the multiple regression analysis, college adaptation, satisfaction with major, and satisfaction with clinical practice were factors significantly associated with the vocational identity. These three factors explained 50.6% of the vocational identity of nursing students. Due to the high turnover rate among new nurses, it is critical that nursing students have a vocational identity as nurses. In order to improve vocational identity, nurse educators should consider helping students to adapt to nursing college, and to become satisfied with major and clinical practice.

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