Effects of Job Autonomy and Self-Efficacy on Creative Behavior: Focusing on the Mediation Effect of Knowledge Sharing in Smart Work Environment

직무자율성과 자기효능감이 창의적 행동에 미치는 영향: 스마트워크 환경에서 지식공유의 매개효과를 중심으로

  • 고은정 (서강대학교 경영전문대학원) ;
  • 이성진 (서강대학교 경영전문대학원) ;
  • 김상수 (용인대학교 경영학과)
  • Received : 2018.04.20
  • Accepted : 2018.06.08
  • Published : 2018.06.30


In order to solve problems in an uncertain and complicated management environment of the modern world, a creative solution that combines diverse perspectives, knowledge, and effort based on diversity within an organization is required. Smart work environment provides an opportunity to express the potential diversity of an individual, extending the source of ideas to the organization, enhancing communication, and linking and sharing information and knowledge. So, this results in increased creative behavior. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of the process of connecting and sharing information and knowledge of organizational members on creative behavior and the effect of smart work environment in the process. The purpose of this study is to identify roles of job autonomy, self-efficacy, knowledge sharing and smart work environment in creative process. For the study, 353 surveys with work use group(156 people) and unused group(197 people). Statistical analysis included validity and reliability analysis, structural model analysis. The results showed that self-efficacy and job autonomy had positive effects on creative behavior and knowledge sharing, and job autonomy had a positive effect on self-efficacy. Knowledge sharing has a positive effect on creative behavior, and mediates the relationship between self-efficacy, job autonomy and creative behavior. Particularly, knowledge sharing has a more positive effect on smart work use group. In case of smart work use group, self-efficacy and job autonomy have a relatively high influence on knowledge sharing rather than direct influence on creative behavior appear. This result implies that the achievements of smart work are revealed in terms of knowledge sharing and creative behavior.


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