A Comparative Study on Elderly Persons' Adoption Patterns of Media Information (Newspaper, Smartphone, Etc.) and Digital Divide

  • Park, Kyoung-ryul (Graduated from Graduate School of KwangWoon University. Doctor of Public Administration) ;
  • Kim, Jeong-lae (Department of Biomedical Engineering Eulji University)
  • Received : 2018.05.21
  • Accepted : 2018.06.07
  • Published : 2018.06.30


This study found the digital divide of Korean elderly persons on the basis of the 2013-2017 survey data of the perception of media information adopters. The studied media were traditional ones, such as newspaper and TV. The media dependence of those in their 20s to 60s was compared and analyzed. As a result, regarding their dependence on newspaper, elderly persons in their 60s had 20.7% on average, 13.6% higher than the percentage (7.1%) of young persons. Regarding their dependence on TV, those in their 60s had 97.6% and those in their 20s had 63.7%, so that there was a wide gap of 33.9% on average. The smartphone penetration rate of those in their 60s was 61.3%(2015-2017) on average, which tended to rise. The elderly's dependence on traditional media featured Digital Divide which is found in the informatization process. Accordingly, in order to solve their digital divide, it is required to expand education in line with their knowledge level through remote online centers, develop inclusive ICT for convenience, and change philosophical policy paradigm in the dimension of quality of life.


  1. Korea Communications Commission (KCC), the 2017 survey on the use of broadcasting media, pp.7-29, 2017.12.
  2. Y.J.Kim, J.M. Jeong, "The Elderly and Media: Media Use and Welfare of the Elderly" A Research Report of Korea Press Foundation, pp. 63-73, 2006.10.
  3. C.H. Park, and S.J.Jang, "Elderly Smart Media and Digital Welfare : The Study of Media Studies, focusing on the gap between access and use of smart devices", pp.79-105, 2013.
  4. N.l. Park, "Senior Citizens' News Media Use and News Credibility - An Analysis of the 2013-2015 National Survey Data of the Media Users ", the Seoul National University Press Information Institute, the Seoul National University Institute for Media and Information Research, No.54, pp.314-347, 2017.
  5. Korea Press Foundation, 2017 Media Users' Awareness Survey, pp.54, 2017.12.
  6. Korea Press Foundation, 2017 Media Users' Awareness Survey, pp.54, 2017.12.
  7. Korea Press Foundation, 2017 Media Users' Awareness Survey, pp.123, 2017.12.
  8. Korea Press Foundation, 2017 Media Users' Awareness Survey, pp.123., pp.288-290, 2017.12.
  10. K.D. Kim, Y.M, Yu, and J.L. Kim, "A Study on the Influence of Mobile Commerce CharacteristicsPerception on Mobile Shopping Intentions", The Journal of the Institute of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication(JIIBC), Vol.13, No.6, pp.297-303, 2013. DOI:
  11. J.L. Kim, and K.S. Hwang, "Constitution of diffusivity variation system by the smooth morph of the material", International Journal of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication (IJIBC), Vol.10, No.2, pp.39-44, 2018. DOI: