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Comparison of Characteristics of Ketapang and Gallnut for Development of Environmentally Friendly Black Dye

친환경 검정색 염료 개발을 위한 Ketapang과 오배자의 특성 비교

  • Kang, Jae-Yong (Department of Cultural heritage and Conservation science, Pusan National University) ;
  • Lee, Jung-Eun (Korea Traditional Costume Research Institute, Pusan National University) ;
  • Kim, Sung-Yeon (Department of Plastic Arts, Pusan National University) ;
  • Park, Geun-Tae (Department of Nanoenergy Engineering, Pusan National University) ;
  • Park, Jang-Su (Department of Chemistry, Pusan National University)
  • 강재용 (부산대학교 문화유산보존과학전공) ;
  • 이정은 (부산대학교 한국전통복식연구소) ;
  • 김성연 (부산대학교 조형학과) ;
  • 박근태 (부산대학교 나노에너지공학과) ;
  • 박장수 (부산대학교 화학과)
  • Received : 2018.05.20
  • Accepted : 2018.06.27
  • Published : 2018.06.30

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to develop environmentally friendly black dye by comparing Ketapang and Gallnut, that have been traditionally used as a black dye. As a result of FT-IR and UV-Vis spectrophotometer analysis, Ketapang was characterized by condensed tannin, while Gallnut showed hydrolyzable tannin. Due to the dyeability characteristic analysis, the color fastness of the non-mordant dye was slightly lowered to grades 1-3. In the dry-cleaning fastness test, both non-mordant and iron mordant were excellent, in grade 4-5, and the daylight fastness was excellent grade 3-5 too. The $L^*$ values of Ketapang were 26.93 (pre-mordant) and 29.39 (post-mordant), which were higher than those of Gallnut, 41.90 (pre-mordant) and 43.02 (post-mordant), indicating that Ketapang was more easily colored as a black dye than Gallnut.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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