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고등학교 엘리트 카약 선수들의 등속성 근기능·균형성·유연성 측정 및 평가

Assessment of Isokinetic Muscle Function, Balance and Flexibility in Elite High School Kayakers

  • 신광택 (동국대학교 스포츠과학연구소) ;
  • 손지훈 (전주대학교 생활체육학과)
  • 투고 : 2018.04.03
  • 심사 : 2018.06.20
  • 발행 : 2018.06.28

초록

본 연구는 고등학교 엘리트 카약 선수들의 등속성 근기능, 균형성, 유연성, 신체 조성 등을 검사 및 진단하여 선수들의 경기력 향상과 부상 예방을 위한 훈련 방법론에 대한 조언을 하고자 실시되었다. 11명의 선수들을 대상으로, Biodex system IV, Biodex stabilizer system, Inbody 3.0, CNP-5403을 사용하여 근기능(peak torque, average power, work fatigue) 동적 균형 신체 성분 유연성 검사를 하였다. 선수들의 BMI 평균은 $22.57kg/m^2$, 체지방률은 10.90%, 체전굴은 16.95cm, 밸런스 점수는 좌우 각각 1.55, 1.49로 나타났다. S4, S5, S8, S10, S11은 어깨 근력과 파워 훈련이, S5, S6, S10, S11은 어깨 근지구력 훈련이 필요한 것으로 평가되었다. S5, S7, S8, S10, S11은 무릎 근력과 파워 훈련이, S1, S4, S5, S10은 무릎 근지구력 훈련이 요구되었다. S3, S10, S11은 손목 근지구력 강화 훈련이 필요했다. 추후 근기능 불균형으로 인한 경기력 저하와 잠재적 부상의 위험을 줄이기 위해선 획일화된 근력 훈련 프로그램을 지양하고, 정기적인 근기능 검사와 함께 개인별로 특화된 훈련 프로그램을 수립해야 한다.

키워드

카약;등속성 근기능;근력 불균형;결손율;훈련 프로그램

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